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Cadmium-zinc-telluride myocardial perfusion imaging in obese patients


Fiechter, Michael; Gebhard, Cathérine; Fuchs, Tobias A; Ghadri, Jelena R; Stehli, Julia; Kazakauskaite, Egle; Herzog, Bernhard A; Pazhenkottil, Aju P; Gaemperli, Oliver; Kaufmann, Philipp A (2012). Cadmium-zinc-telluride myocardial perfusion imaging in obese patients. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 53(9):1401-1406.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: We have evaluated the impact of increased body mass on the quality of myocardial perfusion imaging using a latest-generation γ-camera with cadmium-zinc-telluride semiconductor detectors in patients with high (≥40 kg/m(2)) or very high (≥45 kg/m(2)) body mass index (BMI).
METHODS: We enrolled 81 patients, including 18 with no obesity (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)), 17 in World Health Organization obese class I (BMI, 30-34.9 kg/m(2)), 15 in class II (BMI, 35-39.9 kg/m(2)), and 31 in class III (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)), including 15 with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2). Image quality was scored as poor (1), moderate (2), good (3), or excellent (4). Patients with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2) and nondiagnostic image quality (≤2) were rescanned after repositioning to better center the heart in the field of view. Receiver-operating-curve analysis was applied to determine the BMI cutoff required to obtain diagnostic image quality (≥3).
RESULTS: Receiver-operating-curve analysis resulted in a cutoff BMI of 39 kg/m(2) (P < 0.001) for diagnostic image quality. In patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2), image quality was nondiagnostic in 81%; after CT-based attenuation correction this decreased to 55%. Repositioning further improved image quality. Rescanning on a conventional SPECT camera resulted in diagnostic image quality in all patients with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2).
CONCLUSION: Patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2) should be scheduled for myocardial perfusion imaging on a conventional SPECT camera, as it is difficult to obtain diagnostic image quality on a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera.

Abstract

UNLABELLED: We have evaluated the impact of increased body mass on the quality of myocardial perfusion imaging using a latest-generation γ-camera with cadmium-zinc-telluride semiconductor detectors in patients with high (≥40 kg/m(2)) or very high (≥45 kg/m(2)) body mass index (BMI).
METHODS: We enrolled 81 patients, including 18 with no obesity (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)), 17 in World Health Organization obese class I (BMI, 30-34.9 kg/m(2)), 15 in class II (BMI, 35-39.9 kg/m(2)), and 31 in class III (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)), including 15 with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2). Image quality was scored as poor (1), moderate (2), good (3), or excellent (4). Patients with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2) and nondiagnostic image quality (≤2) were rescanned after repositioning to better center the heart in the field of view. Receiver-operating-curve analysis was applied to determine the BMI cutoff required to obtain diagnostic image quality (≥3).
RESULTS: Receiver-operating-curve analysis resulted in a cutoff BMI of 39 kg/m(2) (P < 0.001) for diagnostic image quality. In patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2), image quality was nondiagnostic in 81%; after CT-based attenuation correction this decreased to 55%. Repositioning further improved image quality. Rescanning on a conventional SPECT camera resulted in diagnostic image quality in all patients with BMI ≥ 45 kg/m(2).
CONCLUSION: Patients with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2) should be scheduled for myocardial perfusion imaging on a conventional SPECT camera, as it is difficult to obtain diagnostic image quality on a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera.

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25 citations in Web of Science®
24 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 10:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:22
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.111.102434
PubMed ID:22870823

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