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New developments in treatment after lung transplantation


Benden, Christian; Danziger-Isakov, Lara; Faro, Albert (2012). New developments in treatment after lung transplantation. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 18(5):737-746.

Abstract

Lung transplantation has evolved as an accepted therapy in selected adults and children with end-stage lung disease. Outcomes following lung transplantation have improved in the recent era with a 5-year survival of > 70% and an overall good functional status of surviving recipients. Many of the advances have been achieved by the use of modern immunosuppressive agents. To date, multiple strategies exist that may be employed when utilizing immunosuppression. These agents can be used in a variety of roles that may include induction, maintenance or rescue therapy, many of which are illustrated in this review including the current evidence to support their use. Infections in lung transplant recipients remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Special considerations are required with the substantial burden of chronic infection in candidates with CF lung disease before transplantation, which are discussed. Furthermore, recent progress and advances in prevention and treatment of post-transplantation infectious complications are detailed. Chronic lung allograft dysfunction remains to be the burden of lung transplantation in the long-term. Unfortunately, there is no well-established therapy to address it. However, therapy attempts include change/augmentation of immunosupression, use of neomacrolides and extracorporeal photopheresis, all of which are reviewed in detail.

Abstract

Lung transplantation has evolved as an accepted therapy in selected adults and children with end-stage lung disease. Outcomes following lung transplantation have improved in the recent era with a 5-year survival of > 70% and an overall good functional status of surviving recipients. Many of the advances have been achieved by the use of modern immunosuppressive agents. To date, multiple strategies exist that may be employed when utilizing immunosuppression. These agents can be used in a variety of roles that may include induction, maintenance or rescue therapy, many of which are illustrated in this review including the current evidence to support their use. Infections in lung transplant recipients remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Special considerations are required with the substantial burden of chronic infection in candidates with CF lung disease before transplantation, which are discussed. Furthermore, recent progress and advances in prevention and treatment of post-transplantation infectious complications are detailed. Chronic lung allograft dysfunction remains to be the burden of lung transplantation in the long-term. Unfortunately, there is no well-established therapy to address it. However, therapy attempts include change/augmentation of immunosupression, use of neomacrolides and extracorporeal photopheresis, all of which are reviewed in detail.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:11 Feb 2013 16:38
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 18:54
Publisher:Bentham Science Publishers
ISSN:1381-6128
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2174/138161212799315902
PubMed ID:22283768

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