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Proliferative effects of estradiol- or ethinylestradiol-progestogen combinations on human breast cancer cells in an intermitted and a long-term regimen


Merki-Feld, G S; Seeger, H; Mueck, A (2012). Proliferative effects of estradiol- or ethinylestradiol-progestogen combinations on human breast cancer cells in an intermitted and a long-term regimen. Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme, 44(06):415-421.

Abstract

Currently the use of natural estradiol as estrogenic component in oral contraceptives is more and more extended. It is unknown whether the application of this estrogen is associated with a different breast cancer risk as compared to the common use of the synthetic ethinylestradiol. In addition with the intention to reduce menstruation associated symptoms and bleeding periods an extended-cycle regimen is currently considered. In the present in vitro work, we have compared the effect of these different estrogenic compounds and the different treatment regimens on breast cancer risk. Human breast cancer cells (ZR75-1 and HCC1500) were incubated with equimolar concentrations of estradiol or ethinylestradiol combined with various progestogens, dienogest, drospirenone, keto-desogestrel, levonorgestrel, and nomegestrel. Usual and extended cycle was mimicked by incubation periods of 3 days with 1 day hormones off and 4 days, respectively. Molecular markers for proliferation and apoptosis were investigated by Western blot. In both cell lines estradiol and ethinylestradiol elicited a significant increase in the proliferation rate without difference between the 2 estrogens. The effect in the long-term cycle tended to be more pronounced than in the intermitted cycle. Progestogen addition most significantly reduced the estrogen-induced proliferation rate. The molecular markers were influenced by the progestogens mostly in the same manner, reducing the proliferation/apoptosis rate. Our results indicate that both estrogenic based combinations with progestogens may not increase breast cancer risk independent from the regimen, intermitted or long-term cycle. However clinical studies are necessary to prove these in vitro results.

Abstract

Currently the use of natural estradiol as estrogenic component in oral contraceptives is more and more extended. It is unknown whether the application of this estrogen is associated with a different breast cancer risk as compared to the common use of the synthetic ethinylestradiol. In addition with the intention to reduce menstruation associated symptoms and bleeding periods an extended-cycle regimen is currently considered. In the present in vitro work, we have compared the effect of these different estrogenic compounds and the different treatment regimens on breast cancer risk. Human breast cancer cells (ZR75-1 and HCC1500) were incubated with equimolar concentrations of estradiol or ethinylestradiol combined with various progestogens, dienogest, drospirenone, keto-desogestrel, levonorgestrel, and nomegestrel. Usual and extended cycle was mimicked by incubation periods of 3 days with 1 day hormones off and 4 days, respectively. Molecular markers for proliferation and apoptosis were investigated by Western blot. In both cell lines estradiol and ethinylestradiol elicited a significant increase in the proliferation rate without difference between the 2 estrogens. The effect in the long-term cycle tended to be more pronounced than in the intermitted cycle. Progestogen addition most significantly reduced the estrogen-induced proliferation rate. The molecular markers were influenced by the progestogens mostly in the same manner, reducing the proliferation/apoptosis rate. Our results indicate that both estrogenic based combinations with progestogens may not increase breast cancer risk independent from the regimen, intermitted or long-term cycle. However clinical studies are necessary to prove these in vitro results.

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12 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:07 Feb 2013 10:23
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 18:56
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0018-5043
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1308999
PubMed ID:22488518

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