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Registry for the Evaluation of the PROgnostic value of a novel integrated imaging approach combining Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography with coronary calcification imaging (REPROSPECT)


Ghadri, Jelena R; Fiechter, Michael; Fuchs, Tobias A; Scherrer, Andreas; Stehli, Julia; Gebhard, Cathérine; Kläser, Bernd; Gaemperli, Oliver; Lüscher, Thomas F; Templin, Christian; Kaufmann, Philipp A (2013). Registry for the Evaluation of the PROgnostic value of a novel integrated imaging approach combining Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography with coronary calcification imaging (REPROSPECT). European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging, 14(4):374-380.

Abstract

AIMS: Although an added diagnostic and prognostic value of the global coronary artery calcification (CAC) score as an adjunct to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-myocardial perfusion image (MPI) has been repeatedly documented, none of the previous studies took advantage of the anatomic information provided by the unenhanced cardiac CT. Therefore, no co-registration has so far been used to match a myocardial perfusion defect with calcifications in the subtending coronary artery. To evaluate the prognostic value of integrating SPECT-MPI with CAC images were obtained from non-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) for attenuation correction to predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Follow-up was obtained in 462 patients undergoing a 1-day stress/rest (99m)Tc-teterofosmin SPECT and non-enhanced cardiac CT for attenuation correction. Survival free of MACE was determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. After integrating MPI and CT findings, patients were divided into three groups (i) MPI defect matched by calcification (CAC ≥1) in the subtending coronary artery (ii) unmatched MPI and CT finding (iii) normal finding by MPI and CT. At a mean follow-up of 34.5 ± 13 months, a MACE was observed in 80 patients (33 death, 6 non-fatal myocardial infarction, 9 hospitalizations due to unstable angina, and 32 revascularizations). Survival analysis revealed the most unfavourable outcome (P < 0.001 log-rank test) for patients with  a matched finding. CONCLUSION: In the present study, a novel approach using a combined integration of cardiac SPECT-CAC imaging allows for refined risk stratification, as a matched defect emerged as an independent predictor of MACE.

Abstract

AIMS: Although an added diagnostic and prognostic value of the global coronary artery calcification (CAC) score as an adjunct to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-myocardial perfusion image (MPI) has been repeatedly documented, none of the previous studies took advantage of the anatomic information provided by the unenhanced cardiac CT. Therefore, no co-registration has so far been used to match a myocardial perfusion defect with calcifications in the subtending coronary artery. To evaluate the prognostic value of integrating SPECT-MPI with CAC images were obtained from non-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) for attenuation correction to predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Follow-up was obtained in 462 patients undergoing a 1-day stress/rest (99m)Tc-teterofosmin SPECT and non-enhanced cardiac CT for attenuation correction. Survival free of MACE was determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. After integrating MPI and CT findings, patients were divided into three groups (i) MPI defect matched by calcification (CAC ≥1) in the subtending coronary artery (ii) unmatched MPI and CT finding (iii) normal finding by MPI and CT. At a mean follow-up of 34.5 ± 13 months, a MACE was observed in 80 patients (33 death, 6 non-fatal myocardial infarction, 9 hospitalizations due to unstable angina, and 32 revascularizations). Survival analysis revealed the most unfavourable outcome (P < 0.001 log-rank test) for patients with  a matched finding. CONCLUSION: In the present study, a novel approach using a combined integration of cardiac SPECT-CAC imaging allows for refined risk stratification, as a matched defect emerged as an independent predictor of MACE.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:25
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1525-2114
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jes224
PubMed ID:23111694

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