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Inactivation of tankyrases reduces experimental fibrosis by inhibiting canonical Wnt signalling


Distler, Alfiya; Deloch, Lisa; Huang, Jingang; Dees, Clara; Lin, Neng-Yu; Palumbo-Zerr, Katrin; Beyer, Christian; Weidemann, Alexander; Distler, Oliver; Schett, Georg; Distler, Jörg H W (2013). Inactivation of tankyrases reduces experimental fibrosis by inhibiting canonical Wnt signalling. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 72(9):1575-1580.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Canonical Wnt signalling has recently emerged as a key mediator of fibroblast activation and tissue fibrosis in systemic sclerosis. Here, we investigated tankyrases as novel molecular targets for inhibition of canonical Wnt signalling in fibrotic diseases. METHODS: The antifibrotic effects of the tankyrase inhibitor XAV-939 or of siRNA-mediated knockdown of tankyrases were evaluated in the mouse models of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis and in experimental fibrosis induced by adenoviral overexpression of a constitutively active TGF-β receptor I (Ad-TBRI). RESULTS: Inactivation of tankyrases prevented the activation of canonical Wnt signalling in experimental fibrosis and reduced the nuclear accumulation of β-catenin and the mRNA levels of the target gene c-myc. Treatment with XAV-939 or siRNA-mediated knockdown of tankyrases in the skin effectively reduced bleomycin-induced dermal thickening, differentiation of resting fibroblasts into myofibroblasts and accumulation of collagen. Potent antifibrotic effects were also observed in Ad-TBRI driven skin fibrosis. Inhibition of tankyrases was not limited by local or systemic toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Inactivation of tankyrases effectively abrogated the activation of canonical Wnt signalling and demonstrated potent antifibrotic effects in well-tolerated doses. Thus, tankyrases might be candidates for targeted therapies in fibrotic diseases.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Canonical Wnt signalling has recently emerged as a key mediator of fibroblast activation and tissue fibrosis in systemic sclerosis. Here, we investigated tankyrases as novel molecular targets for inhibition of canonical Wnt signalling in fibrotic diseases. METHODS: The antifibrotic effects of the tankyrase inhibitor XAV-939 or of siRNA-mediated knockdown of tankyrases were evaluated in the mouse models of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis and in experimental fibrosis induced by adenoviral overexpression of a constitutively active TGF-β receptor I (Ad-TBRI). RESULTS: Inactivation of tankyrases prevented the activation of canonical Wnt signalling in experimental fibrosis and reduced the nuclear accumulation of β-catenin and the mRNA levels of the target gene c-myc. Treatment with XAV-939 or siRNA-mediated knockdown of tankyrases in the skin effectively reduced bleomycin-induced dermal thickening, differentiation of resting fibroblasts into myofibroblasts and accumulation of collagen. Potent antifibrotic effects were also observed in Ad-TBRI driven skin fibrosis. Inhibition of tankyrases was not limited by local or systemic toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Inactivation of tankyrases effectively abrogated the activation of canonical Wnt signalling and demonstrated potent antifibrotic effects in well-tolerated doses. Thus, tankyrases might be candidates for targeted therapies in fibrotic diseases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:14 Feb 2013 16:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:27
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0003-4967
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202275
PubMed ID:23148305

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