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EPO reverses defective wound repair in hypercholesterolaemic mice by increasing functional angiogenesis


Elsherbiny, Ahmed; Högger, Dominik C; Borozadi, Meisam Khorrami; Schmidt, Christian A; Plock, Jan; Largo, Rene D; Lindenblatt, Nicole; Giovanoli, Pietro; Contaldo, Claudio (2012). EPO reverses defective wound repair in hypercholesterolaemic mice by increasing functional angiogenesis. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, 65(11):1559-1568.

Abstract

This study aims to elucidate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the microcirculation during wound healing in mice genetically depleted of apolipoprotein E (ApoE(-/-)). The skinfold chamber in mice was used for intravital microscopy, whereby an incisional wound was created within the chamber. Animals received Recormon(®) 1000 U kg(-1) body weight (BW) intra-peritoneally (i.p.) at day 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 post-wounding at a concentration of 100 Uml(-1) (n=42). Normal healing and vehicle-treated wild type animals (WT) served as controls. The microcirculation of the wound was analysed quantitatively in vivo using epi-illumination intravital fluorescence microscopy. Microtomography (micro-CT) analysis of casted wound microvessels was performed allowing three-dimensional (3D) histomorphometric analysis. Tissue samples were examined ex vivo for wound scoring and for expression analysis of EPO-Receptor (Epo-R) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Upon EPO treatment, the total wound score in ApoE(-/-) mice was increased by 23% on day 3, by 26% on day 7 and by 18% on day 13 when compared to untreated ApoE(-/-) mice (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). Improved wound healing was accompanied with a significant increase of functional angiogenetic density and angiogenetic red blood cell perfusion on days 5, 7, 9 and 11 post-wounding. 3D histomorphometric analysis revealed an increase of vessel thickness (1.7-fold), vessel volume (2.4-fold) and vessel surface (1.7-fold) (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). In addition, improved wound healing was associated with enhanced Epo-R expression (4.6-fold on day 3 and 13.5-fold on day 7) and eNOS expression (2.4-fold on day 7) (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). Our data demonstrate that repetitive systemic EPO treatment reverses microvascular dysfunction during wound healing in hypercholesterolaemic mice by inducing new vessel formation and by providing the wound with more oxygen.

Abstract

This study aims to elucidate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the microcirculation during wound healing in mice genetically depleted of apolipoprotein E (ApoE(-/-)). The skinfold chamber in mice was used for intravital microscopy, whereby an incisional wound was created within the chamber. Animals received Recormon(®) 1000 U kg(-1) body weight (BW) intra-peritoneally (i.p.) at day 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 post-wounding at a concentration of 100 Uml(-1) (n=42). Normal healing and vehicle-treated wild type animals (WT) served as controls. The microcirculation of the wound was analysed quantitatively in vivo using epi-illumination intravital fluorescence microscopy. Microtomography (micro-CT) analysis of casted wound microvessels was performed allowing three-dimensional (3D) histomorphometric analysis. Tissue samples were examined ex vivo for wound scoring and for expression analysis of EPO-Receptor (Epo-R) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Upon EPO treatment, the total wound score in ApoE(-/-) mice was increased by 23% on day 3, by 26% on day 7 and by 18% on day 13 when compared to untreated ApoE(-/-) mice (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). Improved wound healing was accompanied with a significant increase of functional angiogenetic density and angiogenetic red blood cell perfusion on days 5, 7, 9 and 11 post-wounding. 3D histomorphometric analysis revealed an increase of vessel thickness (1.7-fold), vessel volume (2.4-fold) and vessel surface (1.7-fold) (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). In addition, improved wound healing was associated with enhanced Epo-R expression (4.6-fold on day 3 and 13.5-fold on day 7) and eNOS expression (2.4-fold on day 7) (all P<0.05 vs. vehicle). Our data demonstrate that repetitive systemic EPO treatment reverses microvascular dysfunction during wound healing in hypercholesterolaemic mice by inducing new vessel formation and by providing the wound with more oxygen.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:04 Feb 2013 09:00
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:27
Publisher:Churchill Livingstone
ISSN:1748-6815
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2012.05.006
PubMed ID:22704605

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