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Short-term clinico-radiographic response to super-selective intra-arterial cerebral infusion of Bevacizumab for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas in Neurofibromatosis type 2


Riina, H A; Burkhardt, J K; Santillan, A; Bassani, L; Patsalides, A; Boockvar, J A (2012). Short-term clinico-radiographic response to super-selective intra-arterial cerebral infusion of Bevacizumab for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas in Neurofibromatosis type 2. Interventional Neuroradiology, 18(2):127-132.

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant syndrome with a prevalence of approximately 1 in 30,000. NF 2 is characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas, as well as meningiomas, ependymomas and gliomas. Currently, surgical resection and radiotherapy represent the mainstay of treatment, although new studies suggest a role for certain chemotherapeutic agents. Intravenous administration of Bevacizumab (Avastin, Genetech Pharmaceuticals) has been shown to be active in the treatment of vestibular schwannomas. The IV route of administration, however, carries a risk of known systemic side-effects such as bowel perforation, wound dehiscence and pulmonary embolism. In addition, the percentage of drug that reaches the tumor site may be restricted by the blood tumor barrier. This report describes the super-selective intra-arterial infusion of Bevacizumab following blood brain barrier disruption for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas in three patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2. It represents the first time such a technique has been performed for this disease. Additionally, this method of drug delivery may have important implications in the treatment of patients with vestibular schwannomas associated with Neurofibromatosis type 2.

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant syndrome with a prevalence of approximately 1 in 30,000. NF 2 is characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas, as well as meningiomas, ependymomas and gliomas. Currently, surgical resection and radiotherapy represent the mainstay of treatment, although new studies suggest a role for certain chemotherapeutic agents. Intravenous administration of Bevacizumab (Avastin, Genetech Pharmaceuticals) has been shown to be active in the treatment of vestibular schwannomas. The IV route of administration, however, carries a risk of known systemic side-effects such as bowel perforation, wound dehiscence and pulmonary embolism. In addition, the percentage of drug that reaches the tumor site may be restricted by the blood tumor barrier. This report describes the super-selective intra-arterial infusion of Bevacizumab following blood brain barrier disruption for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas in three patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2. It represents the first time such a technique has been performed for this disease. Additionally, this method of drug delivery may have important implications in the treatment of patients with vestibular schwannomas associated with Neurofibromatosis type 2.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2012
Deposited On:15 Feb 2013 15:26
Last Modified:06 Aug 2017 02:42
Publisher:Edizioni del Centauro
ISSN:1591-0199
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/159101991201800201
PubMed ID:22681725

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