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Proteomic profiling of germ cell cancer cells treated with aaptamine, a marine alkaloid with antiproliferative activity


Dyshlovoy, S A; Naeth, I; Venz, S; Preukschas, M; Sievert, H; Jacobsen, C; Shubina, L K; Gesell Salazar, M; Scharf, C; Walther, R; Krepstakies, M; Priyadarshini, P; Hauber, J; Fedorov, S N; Bokemeyer, C; Stonik, V A; Balabanov, S; Honecker, F (2012). Proteomic profiling of germ cell cancer cells treated with aaptamine, a marine alkaloid with antiproliferative activity. Journal of Proteome Research, 11(4):2316-2330.

Abstract

Aaptamine is a marine compound isolated from the sponge Aaptos aaptos showing antiproliferative properties via an undefined mode of action. We analyzed the effects of aaptamine treatment on the proliferation and protein expression of the pluripotent human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2. Effects on proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and induction of apoptosis were analyzed. At lower concentrations, including the IC50 of 50 μM, aaptamine treatment resulted in a G2/M phase cell cycle arrest, whereas at higher concentrations, induction of apoptosis was seen. Differentially expressed proteins were assessed by 2D-PAGE and mass spectrometry, followed by verification and analysis of protein modifications of the most significantly up- and down-regulated proteins. Aaptamine treatment at the IC50 for 48 h resulted in alteration of 10 proteins, of which five each showed up- and down-regulation. Changes in the 2D map were frequently noticed as a result of post-transcriptional modifications, e.g., of the hypusine modification of the eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). Observed alterations such as increased expression of CRABP2 and hypusination of eIF5A have previously been identified during differentiation of pluripotent cells. For the first time, we describe changes in protein expression caused by aaptamine, providing valuable information regarding the mode of action of this compound.

Abstract

Aaptamine is a marine compound isolated from the sponge Aaptos aaptos showing antiproliferative properties via an undefined mode of action. We analyzed the effects of aaptamine treatment on the proliferation and protein expression of the pluripotent human embryonal carcinoma cell line NT2. Effects on proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and induction of apoptosis were analyzed. At lower concentrations, including the IC50 of 50 μM, aaptamine treatment resulted in a G2/M phase cell cycle arrest, whereas at higher concentrations, induction of apoptosis was seen. Differentially expressed proteins were assessed by 2D-PAGE and mass spectrometry, followed by verification and analysis of protein modifications of the most significantly up- and down-regulated proteins. Aaptamine treatment at the IC50 for 48 h resulted in alteration of 10 proteins, of which five each showed up- and down-regulation. Changes in the 2D map were frequently noticed as a result of post-transcriptional modifications, e.g., of the hypusine modification of the eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). Observed alterations such as increased expression of CRABP2 and hypusination of eIF5A have previously been identified during differentiation of pluripotent cells. For the first time, we describe changes in protein expression caused by aaptamine, providing valuable information regarding the mode of action of this compound.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:6 April 2012
Deposited On:20 Feb 2013 08:32
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:30
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1535-3893
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/pr300170p
PubMed ID:22409352

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