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An increase in unsaturation of fatty acids in posphatidylglycerol from leaves improves the rates of photosynthesis and growth at low temperatures in transgenic rice seedlings


Ariizumi, Tohru; Kishitani, Sachie; Inatsugi, Rie; Nishida, Ikuo; Murata, Norio; Toriyama, Kinya (2002). An increase in unsaturation of fatty acids in posphatidylglycerol from leaves improves the rates of photosynthesis and growth at low temperatures in transgenic rice seedlings. Plant & Cell Physiology, 43(7):751-758.

Abstract

The level of cis-unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidylglycerol (PG) from rice leaves was genetically altered from 19.3% in the wild-type to 29.4 and 32.0% in T1 plants segregated with cDNAs for glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of chloroplasts (GPAT; EC 2.3.1.15) from Arabidopsis (+AGPAT plant) and spinach (+SGPAT plant), respectively; and to 21.4% in a non-transformant segregated from +SGPAT plants (-SGPAT plant). In all these plants, O2 evolution from leaves was similar at 25 degrees C and was impaired to a similar extent at 5 and 11 degrees C. However, in parallel with the levels of cis-unsaturated fatty acids in PG, +AGPAT and +SGPAT plants showed less impaired rates of O(2) evolution from leaves than the wild-type and -SGPAT plants at 14 and 17 degrees C. In agreement with this, the fresh weight of 14-day-old seedlings increased to 571 + or - 18, 591 + or - 23, 687 + or - 32 and 705 + or - 31 mg in the wild-type, -SGPAT, +AGPAT and +SGPAT plants, respectively, after 6 weeks at 17/14 degrees C (day/night). These results demonstrate the practical importance of the present technology with GPAT in improvement of the chilling sensitivity of crops.

Abstract

The level of cis-unsaturated fatty acids in phosphatidylglycerol (PG) from rice leaves was genetically altered from 19.3% in the wild-type to 29.4 and 32.0% in T1 plants segregated with cDNAs for glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase of chloroplasts (GPAT; EC 2.3.1.15) from Arabidopsis (+AGPAT plant) and spinach (+SGPAT plant), respectively; and to 21.4% in a non-transformant segregated from +SGPAT plants (-SGPAT plant). In all these plants, O2 evolution from leaves was similar at 25 degrees C and was impaired to a similar extent at 5 and 11 degrees C. However, in parallel with the levels of cis-unsaturated fatty acids in PG, +AGPAT and +SGPAT plants showed less impaired rates of O(2) evolution from leaves than the wild-type and -SGPAT plants at 14 and 17 degrees C. In agreement with this, the fresh weight of 14-day-old seedlings increased to 571 + or - 18, 591 + or - 23, 687 + or - 32 and 705 + or - 31 mg in the wild-type, -SGPAT, +AGPAT and +SGPAT plants, respectively, after 6 weeks at 17/14 degrees C (day/night). These results demonstrate the practical importance of the present technology with GPAT in improvement of the chilling sensitivity of crops.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:18 Feb 2013 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:31
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0032-0781
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcf087
PubMed ID:12154137

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