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New developments in hip imaging


Sutter, Reto; Zanetti, Marco; Pfirrmann, Christian W A (2012). New developments in hip imaging. Radiology, 264(3):651-67.

Abstract

The way the hip joint is imaged has changed in the past few years as a result of new discoveries in the biomechanics of the hip joint and the rapid developments in hip-preserving surgery. This review discusses technical advances made in the field of hip imaging, covering the roles of radiography, computed tomography, sonography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, as well as their limitations. New insight into anatomy and pathogenesis can be useful for the diagnosis of hip abnormalities and in treatment planning. While radiographs are the basis of any imaging of the hip, MR imaging is paramount in the evaluation and preoperative planning of patients suspected of having femoroacetabular impingement, especially when assessing geometrical deformities of the proximal femur. Damage patterns of labrum and cartilage in patients with femoroacetabular impingement are described, as well as new techniques of cartilage MR imaging that might allow the detection of cartilage degeneration before macroscopic defects are formed. Finally, new data on structural variants of the hip joint and pitfalls in imaging of the hip joint are reviewed.

Abstract

The way the hip joint is imaged has changed in the past few years as a result of new discoveries in the biomechanics of the hip joint and the rapid developments in hip-preserving surgery. This review discusses technical advances made in the field of hip imaging, covering the roles of radiography, computed tomography, sonography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, as well as their limitations. New insight into anatomy and pathogenesis can be useful for the diagnosis of hip abnormalities and in treatment planning. While radiographs are the basis of any imaging of the hip, MR imaging is paramount in the evaluation and preoperative planning of patients suspected of having femoroacetabular impingement, especially when assessing geometrical deformities of the proximal femur. Damage patterns of labrum and cartilage in patients with femoroacetabular impingement are described, as well as new techniques of cartilage MR imaging that might allow the detection of cartilage degeneration before macroscopic defects are formed. Finally, new data on structural variants of the hip joint and pitfalls in imaging of the hip joint are reviewed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 Feb 2013 08:27
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 01:13
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.12110357
PubMed ID:22919039

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