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Loudness dependence of evoked dipole source activity during acute serotonin challenge in females


Norra, C; Becker, S; Bröcheler, A; Kawohl, W; Kunert, H J; Buchner, H (2008). Loudness dependence of evoked dipole source activity during acute serotonin challenge in females. Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental, 23(1):31-42.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Direct challenge of cortical serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) availability by tryptophan depletion test (TDT) was used to assess the hypothesized inverse relationship between central 5-HT function and loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEPs). Gender must be taken into particular account here, since there are gender differences in 5-HT brain synthesis, with women reacting more strongly to TDT. METHODS: In a double-blind, controlled cross-over study, 16 healthy females were ingested two highly concentrated amino acid mixtures with (+TRP) or without TRP (-TRP). While monitoring TRP levels and mood states, the AEP of different loudness stimuli were recorded, followed by dipole source analysis. RESULTS: Under the -TRP condition, free plasma TRP levels decreased by 81.10% (+/-5.14). Most of the loudness change rates of the relevant N1/P2 tangential dipole activities were significantly increased under -TRP, but calculated LDAEP did not differ significantly between treatments. LDAEP and states of mood were not correlated. CONCLUSIONS: Despite strong TRP depletion, the results did not reach sufficient evidence that LDAEP is a valid biological marker of central 5-HT activity in females when using TDT. This agrees with the literature and supports the view that LDAEP indicates predominantly biological vulnerability in predisposed individuals. (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Direct challenge of cortical serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) availability by tryptophan depletion test (TDT) was used to assess the hypothesized inverse relationship between central 5-HT function and loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEPs). Gender must be taken into particular account here, since there are gender differences in 5-HT brain synthesis, with women reacting more strongly to TDT. METHODS: In a double-blind, controlled cross-over study, 16 healthy females were ingested two highly concentrated amino acid mixtures with (+TRP) or without TRP (-TRP). While monitoring TRP levels and mood states, the AEP of different loudness stimuli were recorded, followed by dipole source analysis. RESULTS: Under the -TRP condition, free plasma TRP levels decreased by 81.10% (+/-5.14). Most of the loudness change rates of the relevant N1/P2 tangential dipole activities were significantly increased under -TRP, but calculated LDAEP did not differ significantly between treatments. LDAEP and states of mood were not correlated. CONCLUSIONS: Despite strong TRP depletion, the results did not reach sufficient evidence that LDAEP is a valid biological marker of central 5-HT activity in females when using TDT. This agrees with the literature and supports the view that LDAEP indicates predominantly biological vulnerability in predisposed individuals. (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical and Social Psychiatry Zurich West (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:17 January 2008
Deposited On:30 Dec 2008 16:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:40
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0885-6222
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.880
PubMed ID:17868194

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