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Hard-tissue debris accumulation created by conventional rotary versus self-adjusting file instrumentation in mesial root canal systems of mandibular molars


Paqué, F; Al-Jadaa, A; Kfir, A (2012). Hard-tissue debris accumulation created by conventional rotary versus self-adjusting file instrumentation in mesial root canal systems of mandibular molars. International Endodontic Journal, 45(5):413-418.

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the accumulation of hard-tissue debris when using the Self-adjusting File (SAF) system in mesial roots of mandibular molars with isthmuses and to compare it with that occurring when the ProTaper file system was used.
METHODOLOGY: Forty extracted human mandibular molars with joining mesial root canals and an isthmus between the two canals were randomly assigned to two experimental groups and scanned using micro-computed tomography. Root canals in the control group (N = 20) were instrumented using the ProTaper rotary system until F3. Irrigation with 1 mL of 3% NaOCl solution was applied after each instrument. Root canals in the experimental group (N = 20) were prepared using the SAF for 4 min, with continuous irrigation (3% NaOCl, 4 mL min(-1)). After rescanning, canals in both groups were further irrigated with 5 mL of 17% EDTA for 2 min. After final scanning, the per cent value of total canal system volume filled with hard-tissue debris was calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney U-test; the alpha-type error was set at 1%.
RESULTS: Instrumentation of the root canals with ProTaper left 10.1% (IQR 5.2) of the total canal system volume filled with hard-tissue debris while preparation with the SAF left 1.7% (IQR 1.6). This difference was highly significant (P < 0.0001). After subsequent EDTA irrigation, these values were significantly reduced (P < 0.01) to 7.9% (IQR 4.1) and 1.3% (IQR 0.8) in the ProTaper and SAF groups, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Preparation with the SAF system resulted in less hard-tissue debris accumulation in isthmus-containing root canal systems compared with instrumentation with ProTaper rotary files.

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the accumulation of hard-tissue debris when using the Self-adjusting File (SAF) system in mesial roots of mandibular molars with isthmuses and to compare it with that occurring when the ProTaper file system was used.
METHODOLOGY: Forty extracted human mandibular molars with joining mesial root canals and an isthmus between the two canals were randomly assigned to two experimental groups and scanned using micro-computed tomography. Root canals in the control group (N = 20) were instrumented using the ProTaper rotary system until F3. Irrigation with 1 mL of 3% NaOCl solution was applied after each instrument. Root canals in the experimental group (N = 20) were prepared using the SAF for 4 min, with continuous irrigation (3% NaOCl, 4 mL min(-1)). After rescanning, canals in both groups were further irrigated with 5 mL of 17% EDTA for 2 min. After final scanning, the per cent value of total canal system volume filled with hard-tissue debris was calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney U-test; the alpha-type error was set at 1%.
RESULTS: Instrumentation of the root canals with ProTaper left 10.1% (IQR 5.2) of the total canal system volume filled with hard-tissue debris while preparation with the SAF left 1.7% (IQR 1.6). This difference was highly significant (P < 0.0001). After subsequent EDTA irrigation, these values were significantly reduced (P < 0.01) to 7.9% (IQR 4.1) and 1.3% (IQR 0.8) in the ProTaper and SAF groups, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Preparation with the SAF system resulted in less hard-tissue debris accumulation in isthmus-containing root canal systems compared with instrumentation with ProTaper rotary files.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:21 Feb 2013 14:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0143-2885
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2591.2011.01991.x
PubMed ID:22188277

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