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The symbiotic phenotype of lichen-forming ascomycetes and their endo- and epibionts


Honegger, R (2012). The symbiotic phenotype of lichen-forming ascomycetes and their endo- and epibionts. In: Hock, Bertold. Fungal Associations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 287-339.

Abstract

This chapter summarizes the diversity of interactions in lichen symbiosis at the taxonomic, organismic and cellular levels. Peculiarities of lichen-dominated terrestrial ecosystems, their ecological roles and endangerment are discussed. Lichenicolous (parasitic) fungi, symptomless endophytic fungi and bacterial epibionts of lichen thalli and their potential biological roles are summarized. The focus is on the symbiotic phenotype of lichen-forming ascomycetes, i.e. the main types of thallus morphologies, the functional anatomy of macrolichens and their growth patterns, the fine structure and composition of cell wall types of lichen photobionts and their impact on the mycobiont–photobiont interface. Modes of vegetative symbiotic propagation are summarized.

Abstract

This chapter summarizes the diversity of interactions in lichen symbiosis at the taxonomic, organismic and cellular levels. Peculiarities of lichen-dominated terrestrial ecosystems, their ecological roles and endangerment are discussed. Lichenicolous (parasitic) fungi, symptomless endophytic fungi and bacterial epibionts of lichen thalli and their potential biological roles are summarized. The focus is on the symbiotic phenotype of lichen-forming ascomycetes, i.e. the main types of thallus morphologies, the functional anatomy of macrolichens and their growth patterns, the fine structure and composition of cell wall types of lichen photobionts and their impact on the mycobiont–photobiont interface. Modes of vegetative symbiotic propagation are summarized.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:22 Feb 2013 12:18
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 19:54
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:The Mycota
Number:9
ISBN:978-3-642-30825-3
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-30826-0_15

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