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Regulation of oxidative DNA damage repair: the adenine:8-oxo-guanine problem


Markkanen, Enni; Hübscher, Ulrich; van Loon, Barbara (2012). Regulation of oxidative DNA damage repair: the adenine:8-oxo-guanine problem. Cell Cycle, 11(6):1070-1075.

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) constantly attack DNA. One of the best-characterized oxidative DNA lesions is 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-G). Many human diseases, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders, have been correlated with oxidative DNA damage. In the last few years, DNA polymerase (Pol) λ, one of the 15 cellular Pols, has been identified to play an important role in performing accurate translesion synthesis over 8-oxo-G. This is eminently important, since normally faithful replicative Pols α, δ and ε, with their tight active center, often wrongly incorporate adenine (A) opposite the 8-oxo-G lesion. A:8- oxo-G mispairs are accurately repaired by the pathway identified in our laboratory involving MutY DNA glycosylase homolog (MutYH) and Pol λ. Until now, very little was known about the spatial and temporal regulation of Pol λ and MutYH in active repair complexes. We now showed in our latest publication that the E3 ligase Mule can ubiquitinate and degrade Pol λ, and that the control of Pol λ levels by Mule has functional consequences for the ability of mammalian cells to deal with 8-oxo-G lesions. In contrast, phosphorylation of Pol λ by Cdk2/cyclinA counteracts this degradation by recruiting it to MutYH on chromatin to form active 8-oxo-G repair complexes.

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) constantly attack DNA. One of the best-characterized oxidative DNA lesions is 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-G). Many human diseases, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders, have been correlated with oxidative DNA damage. In the last few years, DNA polymerase (Pol) λ, one of the 15 cellular Pols, has been identified to play an important role in performing accurate translesion synthesis over 8-oxo-G. This is eminently important, since normally faithful replicative Pols α, δ and ε, with their tight active center, often wrongly incorporate adenine (A) opposite the 8-oxo-G lesion. A:8- oxo-G mispairs are accurately repaired by the pathway identified in our laboratory involving MutY DNA glycosylase homolog (MutYH) and Pol λ. Until now, very little was known about the spatial and temporal regulation of Pol λ and MutYH in active repair complexes. We now showed in our latest publication that the E3 ligase Mule can ubiquitinate and degrade Pol λ, and that the control of Pol λ levels by Mule has functional consequences for the ability of mammalian cells to deal with 8-oxo-G lesions. In contrast, phosphorylation of Pol λ by Cdk2/cyclinA counteracts this degradation by recruiting it to MutYH on chromatin to form active 8-oxo-G repair complexes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:28 Feb 2013 15:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:34
Publisher:Landes Bioscience
ISSN:1551-4005
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4161/cc.11.6.19448
PubMed ID:22370481

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