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Sensory and sensorimotor gating in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)


Holstein, Dominique H; Vollenweider, Franz X; Geyer, Mark A; Csomor, Phillip A; Belser, Nadine; Eich, Dominique (2013). Sensory and sensorimotor gating in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychiatry Research, 205(1-2):117-126.

Abstract

Even though there is an impaired perceptual capacity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients, psychophysiological alterations, such as impaired gating as indexed by prepulse inhibition (PPI) or suppression of P50 auditory event-related potentials, have not been found in patients with ADHD. Hence, potential relationships of psychophysiological measures of gating to psychopathology and cognitive performance remain unclear. The present study investigates two distinct operational measures of gating as well as cognitive performance within adult ADHD patients in order to assess the relationship of these measures to psychopathology. PPI, P50 suppression, cognitive performance, and psychopathologic symptoms were assessed in 26 ADHD patients and 26 healthy control subjects. ADHD patients compared to healthy control subjects exhibited impaired P50 suppression, performed worse in cognitive tasks, and reported more psychopathological symptoms, but were normal in the test of PPI. Thus, P50 gating deficits are not specific to schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. These findings highlight the differences between P50 gating and PPI as measures of the gating construct. In keeping with the lack of correlations between these two putative operational measures of gating seen in both humans and animals, adult ADHD patients exhibit deficient P50 suppression and poor cognitive performance, despite exhibiting normal levels of PPI.

Abstract

Even though there is an impaired perceptual capacity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients, psychophysiological alterations, such as impaired gating as indexed by prepulse inhibition (PPI) or suppression of P50 auditory event-related potentials, have not been found in patients with ADHD. Hence, potential relationships of psychophysiological measures of gating to psychopathology and cognitive performance remain unclear. The present study investigates two distinct operational measures of gating as well as cognitive performance within adult ADHD patients in order to assess the relationship of these measures to psychopathology. PPI, P50 suppression, cognitive performance, and psychopathologic symptoms were assessed in 26 ADHD patients and 26 healthy control subjects. ADHD patients compared to healthy control subjects exhibited impaired P50 suppression, performed worse in cognitive tasks, and reported more psychopathological symptoms, but were normal in the test of PPI. Thus, P50 gating deficits are not specific to schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. These findings highlight the differences between P50 gating and PPI as measures of the gating construct. In keeping with the lack of correlations between these two putative operational measures of gating seen in both humans and animals, adult ADHD patients exhibit deficient P50 suppression and poor cognitive performance, despite exhibiting normal levels of PPI.

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15 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:22 Mar 2013 15:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:34
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-1781
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.08.013
PubMed ID:23017654

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