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Primary pulmonary hypertension in HIV infection


Speich, R; Jenni, R; Opravil, M; Pfab, M; Russi, E W (1991). Primary pulmonary hypertension in HIV infection. Chest, 100(5):1268-1271.

Abstract

A prospective evaluation of 74 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with cardiopulmonary complaints revealed six patients (8.1 percent) with pulmonary hypertension with elevated right ventricular systolic over right atrial pressure of 58 +/- 8 mm Hg (range, 49 to 66 mm Hg), as documented by Doppler echocardiography. A thromboembolic cause was excluded by normal lung perfusion scans. Electrocardiographic and roentgenographic features of pulmonary hypertension were present in five patients. Two patients died three and nine months after diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. Autopsy revealed plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy in both. The observation of six patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in a cohort of 1,200 HIV-infected subjects corresponding to an incidence of 0.5 percent is striking and suggests a possible association of PPH with HIV infection.

Abstract

A prospective evaluation of 74 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with cardiopulmonary complaints revealed six patients (8.1 percent) with pulmonary hypertension with elevated right ventricular systolic over right atrial pressure of 58 +/- 8 mm Hg (range, 49 to 66 mm Hg), as documented by Doppler echocardiography. A thromboembolic cause was excluded by normal lung perfusion scans. Electrocardiographic and roentgenographic features of pulmonary hypertension were present in five patients. Two patients died three and nine months after diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. Autopsy revealed plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy in both. The observation of six patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in a cohort of 1,200 HIV-infected subjects corresponding to an incidence of 0.5 percent is striking and suggests a possible association of PPH with HIV infection.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1991
Deposited On:17 Apr 2013 11:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:34
Publisher:American College of Chest Physicians
ISSN:0012-3692
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.100.5.1268
PubMed ID:1935280

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