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Collateral flow measurement by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of systemic venous baffle patency after atrial switch repair for transposition of the great arteries


Muzzarelli, Stefano; Ordovas, Karen Gomes; Higgins, Charles B; Meadows, Alison Knauth (2012). Collateral flow measurement by phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of systemic venous baffle patency after atrial switch repair for transposition of the great arteries. Journal of Thoracic Imaging, 27(3):175-178.

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to describe and compare azygos vein flow patterns of patients with obstructed and unobstructed systemic venous baffle after atrial switch repair for d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA). We hypothesized that phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging would enable characterization of retrograde collateral flow across the azygos vein in cases of systemic venous baffle obstruction.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. Twelve patients with atrial switch repair for TGA were examined. Azygos flow index was measured with phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging; comparison was made between patients with documented systemic venous baffle obstruction (n=3) and a control group of patients without baffle obstruction (n=9).
RESULTS: Patients with systemic venous baffle obstruction had a distinctive azygos flow pattern that was retrograde and an increased amount of azygos flow compared with patients without obstruction [median (range), -436 (-455/-399) vs. 103 (51/125) mL/min/m2; P=0.01].
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with systemic venous baffle obstruction have a characteristic collateral flow across the azygos vein. Azygos vein flow measurement may be used for the assessment of baffle patency in patients after atrial switch repair for TGA. However, diagnostic accuracy needs to be tested in a larger population.

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to describe and compare azygos vein flow patterns of patients with obstructed and unobstructed systemic venous baffle after atrial switch repair for d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA). We hypothesized that phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging would enable characterization of retrograde collateral flow across the azygos vein in cases of systemic venous baffle obstruction.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. Twelve patients with atrial switch repair for TGA were examined. Azygos flow index was measured with phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging; comparison was made between patients with documented systemic venous baffle obstruction (n=3) and a control group of patients without baffle obstruction (n=9).
RESULTS: Patients with systemic venous baffle obstruction had a distinctive azygos flow pattern that was retrograde and an increased amount of azygos flow compared with patients without obstruction [median (range), -436 (-455/-399) vs. 103 (51/125) mL/min/m2; P=0.01].
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with systemic venous baffle obstruction have a characteristic collateral flow across the azygos vein. Azygos vein flow measurement may be used for the assessment of baffle patency in patients after atrial switch repair for TGA. However, diagnostic accuracy needs to be tested in a larger population.

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4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:28 Feb 2013 16:32
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:37
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0883-5993
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0b013e31823fb9a0
PubMed ID:22406914

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