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Efficient amyloid a clearance in the absence of immunoglobulins and complement factors


Sponarova, Jana; Nuvolone, Mario; Whicher, Charlotte; Frei, Nathalie; Kana, Veronika; Schwarz, Petra; Westermark, Gunilla T; Aguzzi, Adriano (2013). Efficient amyloid a clearance in the absence of immunoglobulins and complement factors. American Journal of Pathology, 182(4):1297-1307.

Abstract

Amyloid A amyloidosis is a protein misfolding disease characterized by deposition of extracellular aggregates derived from the acute-phase reactant serum amyloid A protein. If untreated, amyloid A amyloidosis leads to irreversible damage of various organs, including the kidneys, liver, and heart. Amyloid A deposits regress upon reduction of serum amyloid A concentration, indicating that the amyloid can be efficiently cleared by natural mechanisms. Clearance was proposed to be mediated by humoral immune responses to amyloid. Here, we report that amyloid clearance in mice lacking complement factors 3 and 4 (C3C4(-/-)) was equally efficient as in wild-type mice (C57BL/6), and was only slightly delayed in agammaglobulinemic mice (J(H-/-)). Hence, antibodies or complement factors are not necessary for natural amyloid clearance, implying the existence of alternative physiological pathways for amyloid removal.

Abstract

Amyloid A amyloidosis is a protein misfolding disease characterized by deposition of extracellular aggregates derived from the acute-phase reactant serum amyloid A protein. If untreated, amyloid A amyloidosis leads to irreversible damage of various organs, including the kidneys, liver, and heart. Amyloid A deposits regress upon reduction of serum amyloid A concentration, indicating that the amyloid can be efficiently cleared by natural mechanisms. Clearance was proposed to be mediated by humoral immune responses to amyloid. Here, we report that amyloid clearance in mice lacking complement factors 3 and 4 (C3C4(-/-)) was equally efficient as in wild-type mice (C57BL/6), and was only slightly delayed in agammaglobulinemic mice (J(H-/-)). Hence, antibodies or complement factors are not necessary for natural amyloid clearance, implying the existence of alternative physiological pathways for amyloid removal.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:25 Mar 2013 07:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:42
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9440
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.12.035
PubMed ID:23454183

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