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Diagnostic performance of MRI measurements to assess hindfoot malalignment. An assessment of four measurement techniques


Buck, Florian M; Hoffmann, Adrienne; Mamisch-Saupe, Nadja; Farshad, Mazda; Resnick, Donald; Espinosa, Norman; Hodler, Juerg (2013). Diagnostic performance of MRI measurements to assess hindfoot malalignment. An assessment of four measurement techniques. European Radiology, 23(9):2594-2601.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of coronal non-weight-bearing MR images to discriminate between normal and abnormal hindfoot alignment. METHODS: Three different measurement techniques (calcaneal axis, medial/lateral calcaneal contour) based on weight-bearing hindfoot alignment radiographs were applied in 49 patients (mean, 48 years; range 21-76 years). Three groups of subjects were enrolled: (1) normal hindfoot alignment (0°-10° valgus); (2) abnormal valgus (>10°); (3) any degree of varus hindfoot alignment. Hindfoot alignment was then measured on coronal MR images using four different measurement techniques (calcaneal axis, medial/lateral calcaneal contour, sustentaculum tangent). ROC analysis was performed to find the MR measurement with the greatest sensitivity and specificity for discrimination between normal and abnormal hindfoot alignment. RESULTS: The most accurate measurement on MR images to detect abnormal hindfoot valgus was the one using the medial calcaneal contour, reaching a sensitivity/specificity of 86 %/75 % using a cutoff value of >11° valgus. The most accurate measurement on MR images to detect abnormal hindfoot varus was the sustentaculum tangent, reaching a sensitivity/specificity of 91 %/71 % using a cutoff value of <12° valgus. CONCLUSION: It is possible to suspect abnormal hindfoot alignment on coronal non-weight-bearing MR images. KEY POINTS : • Abnormal hindfoot alignment can be identified on coronal non-weight-bearing MR images. • The sustentaculum tangent was the best predictor of an abnormally varus hindfoot. • The medial calcaneal contour was the best predictor of a valgus hindfoot.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of coronal non-weight-bearing MR images to discriminate between normal and abnormal hindfoot alignment. METHODS: Three different measurement techniques (calcaneal axis, medial/lateral calcaneal contour) based on weight-bearing hindfoot alignment radiographs were applied in 49 patients (mean, 48 years; range 21-76 years). Three groups of subjects were enrolled: (1) normal hindfoot alignment (0°-10° valgus); (2) abnormal valgus (>10°); (3) any degree of varus hindfoot alignment. Hindfoot alignment was then measured on coronal MR images using four different measurement techniques (calcaneal axis, medial/lateral calcaneal contour, sustentaculum tangent). ROC analysis was performed to find the MR measurement with the greatest sensitivity and specificity for discrimination between normal and abnormal hindfoot alignment. RESULTS: The most accurate measurement on MR images to detect abnormal hindfoot valgus was the one using the medial calcaneal contour, reaching a sensitivity/specificity of 86 %/75 % using a cutoff value of >11° valgus. The most accurate measurement on MR images to detect abnormal hindfoot varus was the sustentaculum tangent, reaching a sensitivity/specificity of 91 %/71 % using a cutoff value of <12° valgus. CONCLUSION: It is possible to suspect abnormal hindfoot alignment on coronal non-weight-bearing MR images. KEY POINTS : • Abnormal hindfoot alignment can be identified on coronal non-weight-bearing MR images. • The sustentaculum tangent was the best predictor of an abnormally varus hindfoot. • The medial calcaneal contour was the best predictor of a valgus hindfoot.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:25 Apr 2013 06:55
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 21:03
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-013-2839-5
PubMed ID:23579419

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