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Geometric and radiometric correction of ESA SAR products


Small, David; Schubert, Adrian; Rosich, Betlem; Meier, Erich (2007). Geometric and radiometric correction of ESA SAR products. In: Envisat Symposium 2007, Montreux (CH), 23 April 2007 - 27 April 2007, online.

Abstract

Accurate geolocation of SAR imagery enables not only precise overlays with other data sources in a common map geometry, but also normalisation for the systematic influence of terrain on image radiometry. We begin by describing our verifications of the geometric behaviour of ENVISAT ASAR products, including all image mode (IM), alternating polarisation (AP), and wide swath (WS) types: IMS, IMP , IMM, IMG, APS, APP , APM, APG, WSM, and WSS. Radar transponders in Canada and Europe are used as easily identifiable targets in radar images to test the accuracy of the nominal timing and state vector annotations accompanying each product. Accuracies achievable using DORIS precise state vectors are also evaluated. In addition to ENVISAT's ASAR, geolocation accuracies achievable using ERS-1/2 and ALOS PALSAR data are demonstrated. Given accurate knowledge of the acquisition geometry of a SAR image from one of the above sensors together with a digital elevation model (DEM) of the area imaged, the process of terrain geocoding is used to transform a diverse set of images into a common reference map geometry. The prerequisite DEM combined with accurate knowledge of the acquisition geometry also enables a radiometric correction, whereby variations in terrain specific to each scene are normalised to a common standard. Thematic interpretation benefits from such pre-processing: we demonstrate improved thematic discriminations using product overlays in a common map geometry where radiometric terrain correction (RTC) has been applied in comparison to typical GTC results.

Abstract

Accurate geolocation of SAR imagery enables not only precise overlays with other data sources in a common map geometry, but also normalisation for the systematic influence of terrain on image radiometry. We begin by describing our verifications of the geometric behaviour of ENVISAT ASAR products, including all image mode (IM), alternating polarisation (AP), and wide swath (WS) types: IMS, IMP , IMM, IMG, APS, APP , APM, APG, WSM, and WSS. Radar transponders in Canada and Europe are used as easily identifiable targets in radar images to test the accuracy of the nominal timing and state vector annotations accompanying each product. Accuracies achievable using DORIS precise state vectors are also evaluated. In addition to ENVISAT's ASAR, geolocation accuracies achievable using ERS-1/2 and ALOS PALSAR data are demonstrated. Given accurate knowledge of the acquisition geometry of a SAR image from one of the above sensors together with a digital elevation model (DEM) of the area imaged, the process of terrain geocoding is used to transform a diverse set of images into a common reference map geometry. The prerequisite DEM combined with accurate knowledge of the acquisition geometry also enables a radiometric correction, whereby variations in terrain specific to each scene are normalised to a common standard. Thematic interpretation benefits from such pre-processing: we demonstrate improved thematic discriminations using product overlays in a common map geometry where radiometric terrain correction (RTC) has been applied in comparison to typical GTC results.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Event End Date:27 April 2007
Deposited On:08 May 2013 14:18
Last Modified:06 Aug 2017 00:13
Publisher:European Space Agency * Communication Production Office
Series Name:ESA - SP
Number:636
ISSN:1609-042X
ISBN:92-9291-200-1
Official URL:https://earth.esa.int/envisatsymposium/proceedings/sessions/3F2/463611sm.pdf
Related URLs:https://earth.esa.int/envisatsymposium/proceedings/contents.html (Organisation)

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