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Nogo-A is a negative regulator of CNS angiogenesis


Wälchli, T; Pernet, V; Weinmann, O; Shiu, J Y; Guzik-Kornacka, A; Decrey, G; Yüksel, D; Schneider, H; Vogel, J; Ingber, D E; Vogel, V; Frei, K; Schwab, M E (2013). Nogo-A is a negative regulator of CNS angiogenesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(21):E1943-E1952.

Abstract

Nogo-A is an important axonal growth inhibitor in the adult and developing CNS. In vitro, Nogo-A has been shown to inhibit migration and cell spreading of neuronal and nonneuronal cell types. Here, we studied in vivo and in vitro effects of Nogo-A on vascular endothelial cells during angiogenesis of the early postnatal brain and retina in which Nogo-A is expressed by many types of neurons. Genetic ablation or virus-mediated knock down of Nogo-A or neutralization of Nogo-A with an antibody caused a marked increase in the blood vessel density in vivo. In culture, Nogo-A inhibited spreading, migration, and sprouting of primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs) in a dose-dependent manner and induced the retraction of MVEC lamellipodia and filopodia. Mechanistically, we show that only the Nogo-A-specific Delta 20 domain exerts inhibitory effects on MVECs, but the Nogo-66 fragment, an inhibitory domain common to Nogo-A, -B, and -C, does not. Furthermore, the action of Nogo-A Delta 20 on MVECs required the intracellular activation of the Ras homolog gene family, member A (Rho-A)-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK)-Myosin II pathway. The inhibitory effects of early postnatal brain membranes or cultured neurons on MVECs were relieved significantly by anti-Nogo-A antibodies. These findings identify Nogo-A as an important negative regulator of developmental angiogenesis in the CNS. They may have important implications in CNS pathologies involving angiogenesis such as stroke, brain tumors, and retinopathies.

Abstract

Nogo-A is an important axonal growth inhibitor in the adult and developing CNS. In vitro, Nogo-A has been shown to inhibit migration and cell spreading of neuronal and nonneuronal cell types. Here, we studied in vivo and in vitro effects of Nogo-A on vascular endothelial cells during angiogenesis of the early postnatal brain and retina in which Nogo-A is expressed by many types of neurons. Genetic ablation or virus-mediated knock down of Nogo-A or neutralization of Nogo-A with an antibody caused a marked increase in the blood vessel density in vivo. In culture, Nogo-A inhibited spreading, migration, and sprouting of primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs) in a dose-dependent manner and induced the retraction of MVEC lamellipodia and filopodia. Mechanistically, we show that only the Nogo-A-specific Delta 20 domain exerts inhibitory effects on MVECs, but the Nogo-66 fragment, an inhibitory domain common to Nogo-A, -B, and -C, does not. Furthermore, the action of Nogo-A Delta 20 on MVECs required the intracellular activation of the Ras homolog gene family, member A (Rho-A)-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK)-Myosin II pathway. The inhibitory effects of early postnatal brain membranes or cultured neurons on MVECs were relieved significantly by anti-Nogo-A antibodies. These findings identify Nogo-A as an important negative regulator of developmental angiogenesis in the CNS. They may have important implications in CNS pathologies involving angiogenesis such as stroke, brain tumors, and retinopathies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2013
Deposited On:06 Jun 2013 13:04
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 21:19
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216203110
PubMed ID:23625008

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