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Age-related normal structural and functional ventricular values in cardiac function assessed by magnetic resonance


Fiechter, Michael; Fuchs, Tobias A; Tanner, Felix C; Kaufmann, Philipp A; et al (2013). Age-related normal structural and functional ventricular values in cardiac function assessed by magnetic resonance. BMC Medical Imaging, 13:6.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The heart is subject to structural and functional changes with advancing age. However, the magnitude of cardiac age-dependent transformation has not been conclusively elucidated. METHODS: This retrospective cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) study included 183 subjects with normal structural and functional ventricular values. End systolic volume (ESV), end diastolic volume (EDV), and ejection fraction (EF) were obtained from the left and the right ventricle in breath-hold cine CMR. Patients were classified into four age groups (20-29, 30-49, 50-69, and ≥70 years) and cardiac measurements were compared using Pearson's rank correlation over the four different groups. RESULTS: With advanced age a slight but significant decrease in ESV (r=-0.41 for both ventricles, P<0.001) and EDV (r=-0.39 for left ventricle, r=-0.35 for right ventricle, P<0.001) were observed associated with a significant increase in left (r=0.28, P<0.001) and right (r=0.27, P<0.01) ventricular EF reaching a maximal increase in EF of +8.4% (P<0.001) for the left and +6.1% (P<0.01) for the right ventricle in the oldest compared to the youngest patient group. Left ventricular myocardial mass significantly decreased over the four different age groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The aging process is associated with significant changes in left and right ventricular EF, ESV and EDV in subjects with no cardiac functional and structural abnormalities. These findings underline the importance of using age adapted values as standard of reference when evaluating CMR studies.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The heart is subject to structural and functional changes with advancing age. However, the magnitude of cardiac age-dependent transformation has not been conclusively elucidated. METHODS: This retrospective cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) study included 183 subjects with normal structural and functional ventricular values. End systolic volume (ESV), end diastolic volume (EDV), and ejection fraction (EF) were obtained from the left and the right ventricle in breath-hold cine CMR. Patients were classified into four age groups (20-29, 30-49, 50-69, and ≥70 years) and cardiac measurements were compared using Pearson's rank correlation over the four different groups. RESULTS: With advanced age a slight but significant decrease in ESV (r=-0.41 for both ventricles, P<0.001) and EDV (r=-0.39 for left ventricle, r=-0.35 for right ventricle, P<0.001) were observed associated with a significant increase in left (r=0.28, P<0.001) and right (r=0.27, P<0.01) ventricular EF reaching a maximal increase in EF of +8.4% (P<0.001) for the left and +6.1% (P<0.01) for the right ventricle in the oldest compared to the youngest patient group. Left ventricular myocardial mass significantly decreased over the four different age groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The aging process is associated with significant changes in left and right ventricular EF, ESV and EDV in subjects with no cardiac functional and structural abnormalities. These findings underline the importance of using age adapted values as standard of reference when evaluating CMR studies.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:13 Jun 2013 12:31
Last Modified:15 Aug 2017 13:52
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2342
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2342-13-6
PubMed ID:23391039

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