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4'-Acylated thymidine 5'-triphosphates: a tool to increase selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.


Marx, A; Amacker, M; Stucki, M; Hübscher, U; Bickle, T A; Giese, B (1998). 4'-Acylated thymidine 5'-triphosphates: a tool to increase selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Nucleic Acids Research, 26(17):4063-4069.

Abstract

4'-Acylated thymidines represent a new class of DNA chain terminators, since they have been shown to act as post-incorporation chain-terminating nucleotides despite the presence of a free 3'-hydroxyl group. Here, we describe the action of the 4'-acetyl- (MeTTP) and 4'-propanoylthymidine 5'-triphosphate (EtTTP) on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in RNA- and DNA-dependent DNA synthesis and on DNA synthesis catalyzed by the cellular DNA polymerases alpha, beta, delta and epsilon. MeTTP exhibits a high selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. By the use of the bulkier propanoyl group as the 4'-substituent of the nucleoside 5'-triphosphate, selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase could be increased without affecting substrate efficiency. Thus, 4'-modifications may serve as a tool to increase selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.

Abstract

4'-Acylated thymidines represent a new class of DNA chain terminators, since they have been shown to act as post-incorporation chain-terminating nucleotides despite the presence of a free 3'-hydroxyl group. Here, we describe the action of the 4'-acetyl- (MeTTP) and 4'-propanoylthymidine 5'-triphosphate (EtTTP) on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in RNA- and DNA-dependent DNA synthesis and on DNA synthesis catalyzed by the cellular DNA polymerases alpha, beta, delta and epsilon. MeTTP exhibits a high selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. By the use of the bulkier propanoyl group as the 4'-substituent of the nucleoside 5'-triphosphate, selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase could be increased without affecting substrate efficiency. Thus, 4'-modifications may serve as a tool to increase selectivity towards HIV-1 reverse transcriptase.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 September 1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 14:45
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/26.17.4063
PubMed ID:9705520

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