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Targeting of sodium-glucose cotransporters with phlorizin inhibits polycystic kidney disease progression in Han:SPRD rats


Wang, Xueqi; Zhang, Suhua; Liu, Yang; Spichtig, Daniela; Kapoor, Sarika; Koepsell, Hermann; Mohebbi, Nilufar; Segerer, Stephan; Serra, Andreas L; Rodriguez, Daniel; Devuyst, Olivier; Mei, Changlin; Wüthrich, Rudolf P (2013). Targeting of sodium-glucose cotransporters with phlorizin inhibits polycystic kidney disease progression in Han:SPRD rats. Kidney International, 84(5):962-968.

Abstract

Renal tubular epithelial cell proliferation and transepithelial cyst fluid secretion are key features in the progression of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). As the role of the apical renal sodium-glucose cotransporters in these processes is not known, we tested whether phlorizin inhibits cyst growth and delays renal disease progression in a rat model of PKD. Glycosuria was induced by subcutaneous injection of phlorizin in male heterozygous (Cy/+) and wild-type Han:SPRD rats. Phlorizin induced immediate and sustained glycosuria and osmotic diuresis in these rats. Cy/+ rats treated with phlorizin for 5 weeks showed a significant increase in creatinine clearance, a lower 2-kidneys/body weight ratio, a lower renal cyst index, and reduced urinary albumin excretion as compared with vehicle-treated Cy/+ rats. Measurement of Ki67 staining found significantly lower cell proliferation in dilated tubules and cysts of Cy/+ rats treated with phlorizin, as well as a marked inhibition of the activated MAP kinase pathway. In contrast, the mTOR pathway remained unaltered. Phlorizin dose dependently inhibited MAP kinase in cultured tubular epithelial cells from Cy/+ rats. Thus, long-term treatment with phlorizin significantly inhibits cystic disease progression in a rat model of PKD. Hence, induction of glycosuria and osmotic diuresis (glycuresis) by renal sodium-glucose cotransporters inhibition could have a therapeutic effect in polycystic kidney disease.Kidney International advance online publication, 29 May 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.199.

Abstract

Renal tubular epithelial cell proliferation and transepithelial cyst fluid secretion are key features in the progression of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). As the role of the apical renal sodium-glucose cotransporters in these processes is not known, we tested whether phlorizin inhibits cyst growth and delays renal disease progression in a rat model of PKD. Glycosuria was induced by subcutaneous injection of phlorizin in male heterozygous (Cy/+) and wild-type Han:SPRD rats. Phlorizin induced immediate and sustained glycosuria and osmotic diuresis in these rats. Cy/+ rats treated with phlorizin for 5 weeks showed a significant increase in creatinine clearance, a lower 2-kidneys/body weight ratio, a lower renal cyst index, and reduced urinary albumin excretion as compared with vehicle-treated Cy/+ rats. Measurement of Ki67 staining found significantly lower cell proliferation in dilated tubules and cysts of Cy/+ rats treated with phlorizin, as well as a marked inhibition of the activated MAP kinase pathway. In contrast, the mTOR pathway remained unaltered. Phlorizin dose dependently inhibited MAP kinase in cultured tubular epithelial cells from Cy/+ rats. Thus, long-term treatment with phlorizin significantly inhibits cystic disease progression in a rat model of PKD. Hence, induction of glycosuria and osmotic diuresis (glycuresis) by renal sodium-glucose cotransporters inhibition could have a therapeutic effect in polycystic kidney disease.Kidney International advance online publication, 29 May 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.199.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:27 Jun 2013 10:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:50
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2013.199
PubMed ID:23715121

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