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A flux-sensing mechanism could regulate the switch between respiration and fermentation


Huberts, Daphne H E W; Niebel, Bastian; Heinemann, Matthias (2011). A flux-sensing mechanism could regulate the switch between respiration and fermentation. FEMS Yeast Research, 12(2):118-128.

Abstract

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can show different metabolic phenotypes (e.g. fermentation and respiration). Based on data from the literature, we argue that the substrate uptake rate is the core variable in the system that controls the global metabolic phenotype. Consequently the metabolic phenotype that the cell expresses is not dependent on the type of the sugar or its concentration, but only on the rate at which the sugar enters the cell. As this requires the cells to ‘measure’ metabolic flux, we discuss the existing clues toward a flux-sensing mechanism in this organism and also outline several aspects of the involved flux-dependent regulation system. It becomes clear that the sensing and regulation system that divides the taken up carbon flux into the respiratory or fermentative pathways is complex with many molecular components interacting on multiple levels. To obtain a true understanding about how the global metabolic phenotype of S. cerevisiae is controlled by the glucose uptake rate, different tools and approaches from systems biology will be required.

Abstract

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can show different metabolic phenotypes (e.g. fermentation and respiration). Based on data from the literature, we argue that the substrate uptake rate is the core variable in the system that controls the global metabolic phenotype. Consequently the metabolic phenotype that the cell expresses is not dependent on the type of the sugar or its concentration, but only on the rate at which the sugar enters the cell. As this requires the cells to ‘measure’ metabolic flux, we discuss the existing clues toward a flux-sensing mechanism in this organism and also outline several aspects of the involved flux-dependent regulation system. It becomes clear that the sensing and regulation system that divides the taken up carbon flux into the respiratory or fermentative pathways is complex with many molecular components interacting on multiple levels. To obtain a true understanding about how the global metabolic phenotype of S. cerevisiae is controlled by the glucose uptake rate, different tools and approaches from systems biology will be required.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:Special Collections > SystemsX.ch
Special Collections > SystemsX.ch > Research, Technology and Development Projects > YeastX
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:10 Jul 2013 15:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:51
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1567-1356
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1567-1364.2011.00767.x

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