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The influence of laboratory coagulation tests and clotting factor levels on rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM(R)) during major surgery with hemorrhage


Theusinger, Oliver M; Schröder, Carsten M; Eismon, Jennifer; Emmert, Maximilian Y; Seifert, Burkhardt; Spahn, Donat R; Baulig, Werner (2013). The influence of laboratory coagulation tests and clotting factor levels on rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM(R)) during major surgery with hemorrhage. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 117(2):314-321.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to determine the association between standard laboratory tests, coagulation factor concentrations, and Rotation Thromboelastometry (ROTEM® delta, TEM® International GmbH, Munich, Germany) in patients undergoing major surgery with hemorrhage.METHODS:In 45 patient's fibrinogen, factor VIII, factor XIII, International Normalized Ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), thrombin time, hemoglobin, leukocytes, and platelet count were simultaneously measured intraoperatively with ROTEM (EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, APTEM) measurements. ROTEM parameters were: clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT), maximum clot firmness (MCF), and α-angle. Demographic and laboratory data were expressed as mean ± SD and median [range]; nonparametric Spearman rank correlations and multiple linear regressions were performed; P-values ≤0.003 were considered significant.RESULTS:Significant correlations (P ≤ 0.003) were found for CFT, α-angle, and MCF, in EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM with platelets, INR, and fibrinogen. Factor VIII (18 measurements) showed a strong correlation (r ≥ 0.7 or r ≤ -0.7; all P ≤ 0.003) with MCF, CFT, and α-angle of EXTEM, INTEM, MCF of FIBTEM excluding CT of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM and strong significant correlation for α-angle of APTEM and moderate for CFT and MCF of APTEM. A significant moderate to strong correlation of factor XIII with MCF of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, and APTEM was found. Hemoglobin was moderately correlated (r = 0.3-0.7 or r = -0.3 to -0.7) with MCF in APTEM (P = 0.003). A moderate to strong correlation of the standard coagulation tests with all ROTEM parameters was found, in particular the CT. The aPTT correlated significantly moderate to strong with CT, CFT, α-angle, and MCF of INTEM. However, multiple linear regressions were not able to show an influence of INR on ROTEM parameters except for APTEM-MCF. A significant impact of the aPTT on INTEM-CT was found. EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM are significantly influenced by fibrinogen and platelets.CONCLUSIONS:The results confirm the clinical assumption that EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM are associated with fibrinogen and platelets levels; INTEM-CT significantly to aPTT; and FIBTEM significantly to fibrinogen. Factor VIII showed a significant correlation with all ROTEM parameters except CT of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, and CFT and MCF of APTEM.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to determine the association between standard laboratory tests, coagulation factor concentrations, and Rotation Thromboelastometry (ROTEM® delta, TEM® International GmbH, Munich, Germany) in patients undergoing major surgery with hemorrhage.METHODS:In 45 patient's fibrinogen, factor VIII, factor XIII, International Normalized Ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), thrombin time, hemoglobin, leukocytes, and platelet count were simultaneously measured intraoperatively with ROTEM (EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, APTEM) measurements. ROTEM parameters were: clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT), maximum clot firmness (MCF), and α-angle. Demographic and laboratory data were expressed as mean ± SD and median [range]; nonparametric Spearman rank correlations and multiple linear regressions were performed; P-values ≤0.003 were considered significant.RESULTS:Significant correlations (P ≤ 0.003) were found for CFT, α-angle, and MCF, in EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM with platelets, INR, and fibrinogen. Factor VIII (18 measurements) showed a strong correlation (r ≥ 0.7 or r ≤ -0.7; all P ≤ 0.003) with MCF, CFT, and α-angle of EXTEM, INTEM, MCF of FIBTEM excluding CT of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM and strong significant correlation for α-angle of APTEM and moderate for CFT and MCF of APTEM. A significant moderate to strong correlation of factor XIII with MCF of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, and APTEM was found. Hemoglobin was moderately correlated (r = 0.3-0.7 or r = -0.3 to -0.7) with MCF in APTEM (P = 0.003). A moderate to strong correlation of the standard coagulation tests with all ROTEM parameters was found, in particular the CT. The aPTT correlated significantly moderate to strong with CT, CFT, α-angle, and MCF of INTEM. However, multiple linear regressions were not able to show an influence of INR on ROTEM parameters except for APTEM-MCF. A significant impact of the aPTT on INTEM-CT was found. EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM are significantly influenced by fibrinogen and platelets.CONCLUSIONS:The results confirm the clinical assumption that EXTEM, INTEM, and APTEM are associated with fibrinogen and platelets levels; INTEM-CT significantly to aPTT; and FIBTEM significantly to fibrinogen. Factor VIII showed a significant correlation with all ROTEM parameters except CT of EXTEM, INTEM, FIBTEM, and CFT and MCF of APTEM.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:11 Jul 2013 07:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:51
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0003-2999
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0b013e31829569ac
PubMed ID:23780419

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