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Age-related differences in evaluating developmental stability


Mustafić, Maida; Freund, Alexandra M (2013). Age-related differences in evaluating developmental stability. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37(4):376-386.

Abstract

Two studies examined the hypothesis that the evaluation of developmental stability changes across adulthood. Results of Study 1 (N = 119) supported the expectation that older adults (M age = 65.29 years)—compared to younger (M age = 23.38 years) and middle-aged adults (M age = 38.68 years)—evaluate developmental stability more positively and losses less negatively across all life domains included in this study (subjective well-being, social relationships, cognition, physical functioning). Replicating and extending these findings, Study 2 (N = 182, age-range: 18–86 years) demonstrated that these age-related differences exist only for stability on an explicit and implicit level of evaluation. Moreover, Study 2 shows that the positive evaluation of stability increases after resource investments into maintaining stability were made salient. We discuss the results in relation to motivational orientation and psychological adjustment to developmental change.

Abstract

Two studies examined the hypothesis that the evaluation of developmental stability changes across adulthood. Results of Study 1 (N = 119) supported the expectation that older adults (M age = 65.29 years)—compared to younger (M age = 23.38 years) and middle-aged adults (M age = 38.68 years)—evaluate developmental stability more positively and losses less negatively across all life domains included in this study (subjective well-being, social relationships, cognition, physical functioning). Replicating and extending these findings, Study 2 (N = 182, age-range: 18–86 years) demonstrated that these age-related differences exist only for stability on an explicit and implicit level of evaluation. Moreover, Study 2 shows that the positive evaluation of stability increases after resource investments into maintaining stability were made salient. We discuss the results in relation to motivational orientation and psychological adjustment to developmental change.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:24 Jul 2013 08:53
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:52
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0165-0254
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation (Project ‘‘Process and outcome focus – The role of age,’’ ID: 100014-116528; PI: Alexandra M. Freund), Forschungskredit of the University of Zurich (Project ‘‘Specificity and Adaptivity of Process and Outcome Goal Focus,’’ ID: 56230803, awarded to Maida Mustafic
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025413490866

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