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Determination of the Intrinsic Affinities of Multiple Site-Specific Mg2+Ions Coordinated to Domain 6 of a Group II Intron Ribozyme†


Erat, M C; Sigel, Roland K O (2007). Determination of the Intrinsic Affinities of Multiple Site-Specific Mg2+Ions Coordinated to Domain 6 of a Group II Intron Ribozyme†. Inorganic Chemistry, 46(26):11224-11234.

Abstract

Group II introns are large metallo-ribozymes that use divalent metal ions in folding and catalysis. The 3'-terminal domain 6 contains a conserved adenosine whose 2'-OH acts as the nucleophile in the first splicing step. In the hierarchy of folding, D6 binds last into the active site. In order to investigate and understand the folding process to the catalytically active intron structure, it is important to know the individual binding affinities of Mg2+ ions to D6. We recently studied the solution structure of a 27 nucleotide long domain 6 (D6-27) from the mitochondrial yeast group II intron Sc.ai5, identifying also five Mg2+ binding sites including the one at the 5'-terminal phosphate residues. Mg2+ coordination to the 5'-terminal di- and triphosphate groups is strongest (e.g., log KA,TP = 4.55 ± 0.10) and could be evaluated here in detail for the first time. The other four binding sites within D6-27 are filled simultaneously (e.g., log KA,BR = 2.38 ± 0.06) and thus compete for the free Mg2+ ions in solution having a distinct influence on the individual affinities of the various sites. For the first time we take this competition into account to obtain the intrinsic binding constants, describing a method that is generally applicable. Our data illustrates that any RNA undergoing tertiary contacts to a second RNA needs first to be loaded evenly and specifically with metal ions in order to compensate for the repulsion between the negatively charged RNAs.

Abstract

Group II introns are large metallo-ribozymes that use divalent metal ions in folding and catalysis. The 3'-terminal domain 6 contains a conserved adenosine whose 2'-OH acts as the nucleophile in the first splicing step. In the hierarchy of folding, D6 binds last into the active site. In order to investigate and understand the folding process to the catalytically active intron structure, it is important to know the individual binding affinities of Mg2+ ions to D6. We recently studied the solution structure of a 27 nucleotide long domain 6 (D6-27) from the mitochondrial yeast group II intron Sc.ai5, identifying also five Mg2+ binding sites including the one at the 5'-terminal phosphate residues. Mg2+ coordination to the 5'-terminal di- and triphosphate groups is strongest (e.g., log KA,TP = 4.55 ± 0.10) and could be evaluated here in detail for the first time. The other four binding sites within D6-27 are filled simultaneously (e.g., log KA,BR = 2.38 ± 0.06) and thus compete for the free Mg2+ ions in solution having a distinct influence on the individual affinities of the various sites. For the first time we take this competition into account to obtain the intrinsic binding constants, describing a method that is generally applicable. Our data illustrates that any RNA undergoing tertiary contacts to a second RNA needs first to be loaded evenly and specifically with metal ions in order to compensate for the repulsion between the negatively charged RNAs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:November 2007
Deposited On:08 Aug 2013 07:51
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 21:50
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0020-1669
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ic701627t

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