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DARPin-targeting of measles virus: unique bispecificity, effective oncolysis, and enhanced safety


Friedrich, Katrin; Hanauer, Jan R H; Prüfer, Steffen; Münch, Robert C; Völker, Iris; Filippis, Christodoulos; Jost, Christian; Hanschmann, Kay-Martin; Cattaneo, Roberto; Peng, Kah-Whye; Plückthun, Andreas; Buchholz, Christian J; Cichutek, Klaus; Mühlebach, Michael D (2013). DARPin-targeting of measles virus: unique bispecificity, effective oncolysis, and enhanced safety. Molecular Therapy, 21(4):849-859.

Abstract

Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging treatment modality that uses replication-competent viruses to destroy cancers. Many naturally occurring viruses have a preferential, although nonexclusive, tropism for tumors and tumor cells. In addition, specific targeting of cancer cells can be achieved at the virus entry level. We optimized retargeting of cell entry by elongating the measles virus attachment protein with designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins), while simultaneously ablating entry through the natural receptors. DARPin-targeted viruses were strongly attenuated in off-target tissue, thereby enhancing safety, but completely eliminated tumor xenografts. Taking advantage of the unique properties of DARPins of being fused without generating folding problems, we generated a virus simultaneous targeting two different tumor markers. The bispecific virus retained the original oncolytic efficacy, while providing proof of concept for a strategy to counteract issues of resistance development. Thus, DARPin-targeting opens new prospects for the development of personalized, targeted therapeutics.

Abstract

Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging treatment modality that uses replication-competent viruses to destroy cancers. Many naturally occurring viruses have a preferential, although nonexclusive, tropism for tumors and tumor cells. In addition, specific targeting of cancer cells can be achieved at the virus entry level. We optimized retargeting of cell entry by elongating the measles virus attachment protein with designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins), while simultaneously ablating entry through the natural receptors. DARPin-targeted viruses were strongly attenuated in off-target tissue, thereby enhancing safety, but completely eliminated tumor xenografts. Taking advantage of the unique properties of DARPins of being fused without generating folding problems, we generated a virus simultaneous targeting two different tumor markers. The bispecific virus retained the original oncolytic efficacy, while providing proof of concept for a strategy to counteract issues of resistance development. Thus, DARPin-targeting opens new prospects for the development of personalized, targeted therapeutics.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:12 Aug 2013 14:17
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 21:52
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1525-0016
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/mt.2013.16
PubMed ID:23380817

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