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New Studies on [2 + 3] Cycloadditions of Thermally Generated N-Isopropyl- and N-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-Substituted Azomethine Ylides


Urbaniak, Katarzyna; Szymanski, Radoslaw; Romanski, Jaroslaw; Mloston, Grzegorz; Domagala, Malgorzata; Linden, Anthony; Heimgartner, Heinz (2004). New Studies on [2 + 3] Cycloadditions of Thermally Generated N-Isopropyl- and N-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-Substituted Azomethine Ylides. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 87:496-510.

Abstract

The thermal reaction of 1-substituted 2,3-diphenylaziridines 2 with thiobenzophenone (6a) and 9H-fluorene-9-thione (6b) led to the corresponding 1,3-thiazolidines (Scheme 2). Whereas the cis-disubstituted aziridines and 6a yielded only trans-2,4,5,5-tetraphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines of type 7, the analogous reaction with 6b gave a mixture of trans- and cis-2,4-diphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines 7 and 8. During chromatography on SiO2 , the trans-configured spiro[9H-fluorene-9,5'-[1,3]thiazolidines] 7c and 7d isomerized to the cis-isomers. The substituent at N(1) of the aziridine influences the reaction rate significantly, i.e., the more sterically demanding the substituent the slower the reaction. The reaction of cis-2,3-diphenylaziridines 2 with dimethyl azodicarboxylate (9) and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (11) gave the trans-cycloadducts 10 and 12, respectively (Schemes 3 and 4). In the latter case, a partial dehydrogenation led to the corresponding pyrroles. Two stereoisomeric cycloadducts, 15 and 16, with a trans-relationship of the Ph groups were obtained from the reaction with dimethyl fumarate (14; Scheme 5); with dimethyl maleate (17), the expected cycloadduct 18 together with the 2,3-dihydropyrrole 19 was obtained (Scheme 6). The structures of the cycloadducts 7b, 8a, 15b, and 16b were established by X-ray crystallography.

Abstract

The thermal reaction of 1-substituted 2,3-diphenylaziridines 2 with thiobenzophenone (6a) and 9H-fluorene-9-thione (6b) led to the corresponding 1,3-thiazolidines (Scheme 2). Whereas the cis-disubstituted aziridines and 6a yielded only trans-2,4,5,5-tetraphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines of type 7, the analogous reaction with 6b gave a mixture of trans- and cis-2,4-diphenyl-1,3-thiazolidines 7 and 8. During chromatography on SiO2 , the trans-configured spiro[9H-fluorene-9,5'-[1,3]thiazolidines] 7c and 7d isomerized to the cis-isomers. The substituent at N(1) of the aziridine influences the reaction rate significantly, i.e., the more sterically demanding the substituent the slower the reaction. The reaction of cis-2,3-diphenylaziridines 2 with dimethyl azodicarboxylate (9) and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (11) gave the trans-cycloadducts 10 and 12, respectively (Schemes 3 and 4). In the latter case, a partial dehydrogenation led to the corresponding pyrroles. Two stereoisomeric cycloadducts, 15 and 16, with a trans-relationship of the Ph groups were obtained from the reaction with dimethyl fumarate (14; Scheme 5); with dimethyl maleate (17), the expected cycloadduct 18 together with the 2,3-dihydropyrrole 19 was obtained (Scheme 6). The structures of the cycloadducts 7b, 8a, 15b, and 16b were established by X-ray crystallography.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:14 Aug 2013 14:13
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 21:55
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:Polish State Committee for Scientific Research (Grant No.3 T09A 25),, Swiss National Science Foundation, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200490047

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