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Phosphorylation of human Fen1 by cyclin-dependent kinase modulates its role in replication fork regulation.


Henneke, G; Koundrioukoff, S; Hübscher, U (2003). Phosphorylation of human Fen1 by cyclin-dependent kinase modulates its role in replication fork regulation. Oncogene, 22(28):4301-4313.

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) Cdk1-Cyclin A can phosphorylate Flap endonuclease 1 (Fen1), a key-enzyme of the DNA replication machinery, in late S phase. Cdk1-cyclin A forms a complex in vitro and in vivo with Fen1. Furthermore, Fen1 phosphorylation is detected in vivo and depends upon Cdks activity. As a functional consequence of phosphorylation by Cdk1-Cyclin A in vitro, endo- and exonuclease activities of Fen1 are reduced whereas its DNA binding is not affected. Moreover, phosphorylation of Fen1 by Cdk1-Cyclin A abrogates its proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) binding thus preventing stimulation of Fen1 by PCNA. Concomitantly, human cells expressing the S187A mutant defective for Cdk1-Cyclin A phosphorylation accumulate in S phase consistent with a failure in cell cycle regulation through DNA replication. Our results suggest a novel regulatory role of Cdks onto the end of S phase by targeting directly a key enzyme involved in DNA replication.

Abstract

Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) Cdk1-Cyclin A can phosphorylate Flap endonuclease 1 (Fen1), a key-enzyme of the DNA replication machinery, in late S phase. Cdk1-cyclin A forms a complex in vitro and in vivo with Fen1. Furthermore, Fen1 phosphorylation is detected in vivo and depends upon Cdks activity. As a functional consequence of phosphorylation by Cdk1-Cyclin A in vitro, endo- and exonuclease activities of Fen1 are reduced whereas its DNA binding is not affected. Moreover, phosphorylation of Fen1 by Cdk1-Cyclin A abrogates its proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) binding thus preventing stimulation of Fen1 by PCNA. Concomitantly, human cells expressing the S187A mutant defective for Cdk1-Cyclin A phosphorylation accumulate in S phase consistent with a failure in cell cycle regulation through DNA replication. Our results suggest a novel regulatory role of Cdks onto the end of S phase by targeting directly a key enzyme involved in DNA replication.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:10 July 2003
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:15
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1206606
PubMed ID:12853968

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