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Morphometric criteria for sexing juvenile human skeletons using the ilium


Wilson, L A B; MacLeod, N; Humphrey, L T (2008). Morphometric criteria for sexing juvenile human skeletons using the ilium. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 53(2):269-278.

Abstract

Previous attempts to sex juvenile skeletons have focused on the application of qualitative or semi-quantitative techniques. This study applies a variety of geometric morphometric methods, including eigenshape analysis, to this problem. Six metric criteria for the ilia were tested with the aim of investigating previous ideas concerning sexually diagnostic characters. This study uses 25 ilia from juveniles of known age and sex from Christ Church, Spitalfields, London. Ninety-six percent of juvenile ilia were correctly identified as male or female using the shape of the greater sciatic notch. Identification accuracy is shown to improve with age for several criteria. Males were identified to a higher accuracy than females. Application of geometric techniques improves the understanding of the relationship between age, sex, and shape and the clarity with which these relationships can be quantified. Archaeological and forensic relevance of the results are discussed with recommendations for future application

Abstract

Previous attempts to sex juvenile skeletons have focused on the application of qualitative or semi-quantitative techniques. This study applies a variety of geometric morphometric methods, including eigenshape analysis, to this problem. Six metric criteria for the ilia were tested with the aim of investigating previous ideas concerning sexually diagnostic characters. This study uses 25 ilia from juveniles of known age and sex from Christ Church, Spitalfields, London. Ninety-six percent of juvenile ilia were correctly identified as male or female using the shape of the greater sciatic notch. Identification accuracy is shown to improve with age for several criteria. Males were identified to a higher accuracy than females. Application of geometric techniques improves the understanding of the relationship between age, sex, and shape and the clarity with which these relationships can be quantified. Archaeological and forensic relevance of the results are discussed with recommendations for future application

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Paleontological Institute and Museum
Dewey Decimal Classification:560 Fossils & prehistoric life
Uncontrolled Keywords:forensic science • forensic anthropology • juvenile osteology • sex determination • ilium • geometric morphometrics
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 14:38
Last Modified:18 Feb 2018 10:04
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-1198
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00656.x
PubMed ID:18366560

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