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Advanced glycation end-products suppress neuropilin-1 expression in podocytes


Bondeva, T; Rüster, C; Franke, S; Hammerschmid, E; Klagsbrun, M; Cohen, C D; Wolf, G (2009). Advanced glycation end-products suppress neuropilin-1 expression in podocytes. Kidney International, 75(6):605-616.

Abstract

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Here we tested the effect of AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) on differentiated mouse podocytes in culture. Differential display and real-time PCR analyses showed that in addition to neuropilin-1, the entire signaling receptor complex of neuropilin-2, semaphorin-3A, and plexin-A1, was significantly reduced by AGE-BSA as was neuropilin-1 protein. The effect was specific for podocytes compared to isolated mesangial and tubular epithelial cells. Further, AGE-BSA was not toxic to podocytes. Neutopilin-1 expression was decreased in glomeruli of diabetic db/db mice compared to their non-diabetic littermates. Transcripts of both neuropilins were found to be decreased in renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy compared to transplant donors. Podocyte migration was inhibited by AGE-BSA with similar results found in the absence of AGE-BSA when neuropilin-1 expression was down-regulated by siRNA. In contrast, podocyte migration was stimulated by overexpression of neuropilin-1 even in the presence of AGE-BSA. Our study shows that AGE-BSA inhibited podocyte migration by down-regulating neuropilin-1. The decreased migration could lead to adherence of uncovered areas of the glomerular basement membrane to Bowman's capsule contributing to focal glomerulosclerosis.

Abstract

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Here we tested the effect of AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) on differentiated mouse podocytes in culture. Differential display and real-time PCR analyses showed that in addition to neuropilin-1, the entire signaling receptor complex of neuropilin-2, semaphorin-3A, and plexin-A1, was significantly reduced by AGE-BSA as was neuropilin-1 protein. The effect was specific for podocytes compared to isolated mesangial and tubular epithelial cells. Further, AGE-BSA was not toxic to podocytes. Neutopilin-1 expression was decreased in glomeruli of diabetic db/db mice compared to their non-diabetic littermates. Transcripts of both neuropilins were found to be decreased in renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy compared to transplant donors. Podocyte migration was inhibited by AGE-BSA with similar results found in the absence of AGE-BSA when neuropilin-1 expression was down-regulated by siRNA. In contrast, podocyte migration was stimulated by overexpression of neuropilin-1 even in the presence of AGE-BSA. Our study shows that AGE-BSA inhibited podocyte migration by down-regulating neuropilin-1. The decreased migration could lead to adherence of uncovered areas of the glomerular basement membrane to Bowman's capsule contributing to focal glomerulosclerosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:26 March 2009
Deposited On:12 Dec 2008 15:37
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 13:43
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.603
PubMed ID:19037249

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