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Sleep-disordered breathing and periodic limb movements in narcolepsy with cataplexy: A systematic analysis of 35 consecutive patients


Pizza, F; Tartarotti, S; Poryazova, R; Baumann, C R; Bassetti, C L (2013). Sleep-disordered breathing and periodic limb movements in narcolepsy with cataplexy: A systematic analysis of 35 consecutive patients. European Neurology, 70(1):22-26.

Abstract

Background: Disturbed sleep is a core feature of narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC). Few studies have independently assessed sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and periodic limb movements (PLMs) in non-homogeneous series of patients with and without cataplexy. We systematically assessed both SDB and PLMs in well-defined NC patients. Methods: We analyzed the clinical and polysomnographic features of 35 consecutive NC patients (mean age 40 ± 16 years, 51% males, 23/23 hypocretin-deficient) to assess the prevalence of SDB (apnea-hypopnea index >5) and PLMs (periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMI) >15) together with their impact on nocturnal sleep and daytime sleepiness using the multiple sleep latency test. Results: 11 (31%) and 14 (40%) patients had SDB and PLMs, respectively. SDB was associated with older age (49 ± 16 vs. 35 ± 13 years, p = 0.02), higher BMI (30 ± 5 vs. 27 ± 6, p = 0.05), and a trend towards higher PLMI (25 ± 20 vs. 12 ± 23, p = 0.052), whereas PLMs with older age (50 ± 16 vs. 33 ± 11 years, p = 0.002) and reduced and fragmented sleep (e.g. sleep efficiency of 82 ± 12% vs. 91 ± 6%, p = 0.015; sleep time of 353 ± 66 vs. 395 ± 28, p = 0.010). SDB and PLMs were also mutually associated (p = 0.007), but not correlated to daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: SDB and PLMs are highly prevalent and associated in NC. Nevertheless, SDB and PLMs are rarely severe, suggesting an overall limited effect on clinical manifestations.

Abstract

Background: Disturbed sleep is a core feature of narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC). Few studies have independently assessed sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and periodic limb movements (PLMs) in non-homogeneous series of patients with and without cataplexy. We systematically assessed both SDB and PLMs in well-defined NC patients. Methods: We analyzed the clinical and polysomnographic features of 35 consecutive NC patients (mean age 40 ± 16 years, 51% males, 23/23 hypocretin-deficient) to assess the prevalence of SDB (apnea-hypopnea index >5) and PLMs (periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMI) >15) together with their impact on nocturnal sleep and daytime sleepiness using the multiple sleep latency test. Results: 11 (31%) and 14 (40%) patients had SDB and PLMs, respectively. SDB was associated with older age (49 ± 16 vs. 35 ± 13 years, p = 0.02), higher BMI (30 ± 5 vs. 27 ± 6, p = 0.05), and a trend towards higher PLMI (25 ± 20 vs. 12 ± 23, p = 0.052), whereas PLMs with older age (50 ± 16 vs. 33 ± 11 years, p = 0.002) and reduced and fragmented sleep (e.g. sleep efficiency of 82 ± 12% vs. 91 ± 6%, p = 0.015; sleep time of 353 ± 66 vs. 395 ± 28, p = 0.010). SDB and PLMs were also mutually associated (p = 0.007), but not correlated to daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: SDB and PLMs are highly prevalent and associated in NC. Nevertheless, SDB and PLMs are rarely severe, suggesting an overall limited effect on clinical manifestations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:26 Aug 2013 12:29
Last Modified:09 Jun 2016 12:19
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0014-3022
Additional Information:© 2013 S. Karger AG
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000348719
PubMed ID:23689193

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