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When feeling different pays off: How older adults can counteract negative age-related information


Weiss, David; Sassenberg, Kai; Freund, Alexandra M (2013). When feeling different pays off: How older adults can counteract negative age-related information. Psychology and Aging, 28(4):1140-1146.

Abstract

Negative age stereotypes are pervasive and threaten older adults’ self-esteem. Two experiments tested the
hypothesis that differentiation from one’s age group reduces the impact of negative age-related information
on older adults’ self-evaluation. In Experiment 1, older adults (N = 83, M = 71.9 years) were
confronted with neutral or negative age-related information followed by a manipulation of selfdifferentiation.
Experiment 2 (N = 44, M = 73.55 years) tested the moderating role of self-differentiation
in the relationship of implicit attitudes toward older adults and implicit self-esteem. Results suggest that
self-differentiation prevents the impact of negative age-related information on older adults’ self-esteem.

Abstract

Negative age stereotypes are pervasive and threaten older adults’ self-esteem. Two experiments tested the
hypothesis that differentiation from one’s age group reduces the impact of negative age-related information
on older adults’ self-evaluation. In Experiment 1, older adults (N = 83, M = 71.9 years) were
confronted with neutral or negative age-related information followed by a manipulation of selfdifferentiation.
Experiment 2 (N = 44, M = 73.55 years) tested the moderating role of self-differentiation
in the relationship of implicit attitudes toward older adults and implicit self-esteem. Results suggest that
self-differentiation prevents the impact of negative age-related information on older adults’ self-esteem.

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16 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:28 Jan 2014 12:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:56
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN:0882-7974
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1037/a0033811

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