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State forest administration, donor support, and forest realities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan


Geiser, Urs (2013). State forest administration, donor support, and forest realities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. In: Shahbaz, Babar; Geiser, Urs; Suleri, Abid Q. Forests, Livelihoods and Power Relations in North-West Pakistan. Lahore (Pakistan): Sang-e-Meel Publications, 71-100.

Abstract

The management of forests involves, very basically, three main issues: (i) how the forest resources under consideration should be used, for what purpose, and by whom; (ii) to decide on a specific procedure on how the use of forests in the agreed manner should be organised; and finally (iii) the practicing or implementation of the decisions taken. In all these three basic dimensions of forestry, various groups of people want their ideas to be considered. Generally, one distinguishes between the state and its line departments, the local people or communities (or citizens), the civil society, and (specifically so in southern contexts) the development donors. The dominant global discourse argues that the state is the custodian of forests in the name of the people and the nation as a whole. Therefore, state Forest Departments are mandated to oversee and implement forest policy, enabled to do so through policies, laws, rules, management tools, enforcement powers, finances and staff. This is a very general overview, but it holds true for most countries on our globe – and it holds true as well for Pakistan and its Khyber Pakthunkwa (KP) Province. The present article describes and discusses this official system of forest governance, its evolution over time, and the enormous challenges it faces at present.

Abstract

The management of forests involves, very basically, three main issues: (i) how the forest resources under consideration should be used, for what purpose, and by whom; (ii) to decide on a specific procedure on how the use of forests in the agreed manner should be organised; and finally (iii) the practicing or implementation of the decisions taken. In all these three basic dimensions of forestry, various groups of people want their ideas to be considered. Generally, one distinguishes between the state and its line departments, the local people or communities (or citizens), the civil society, and (specifically so in southern contexts) the development donors. The dominant global discourse argues that the state is the custodian of forests in the name of the people and the nation as a whole. Therefore, state Forest Departments are mandated to oversee and implement forest policy, enabled to do so through policies, laws, rules, management tools, enforcement powers, finances and staff. This is a very general overview, but it holds true for most countries on our globe – and it holds true as well for Pakistan and its Khyber Pakthunkwa (KP) Province. The present article describes and discusses this official system of forest governance, its evolution over time, and the enormous challenges it faces at present.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:05 Sep 2013 08:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:57
Publisher:Sang-e-Meel Publications
ISBN:978-9693526486
Related URLs:http://www.sangemeel.com/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=9693526481 (Publisher)

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