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Facial attractiveness of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate and of controls assessed by laypersons and professionals


Eichenberger, Martina; Staudt, Christine B; Pandis, Nikolaos; Gnoinski, Wanda; Eliades, Theodore (2014). Facial attractiveness of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate and of controls assessed by laypersons and professionals. European Journal of Orthodontics, 36(3):284-289.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:The aim of the study was to identify differences in the aesthetic evaluation of profile and frontal photographs of (1) patients treated for complete left-sided cleft lip and palate and (2) control patients by laypeople and professionals.MATERIALS, SUBJECTS, AND METHODS:Left-side profile and frontal photographs of 20 adult patients treated for complete left-sided cleft lip and palate (10 men, 10 women, mean age: 20.5 years) and of 10 control patients with a class I occlusion (five men, five women, mean age: 22.1 years) were included in the study. The post-treatment photographs were evaluated by 15 adult laypeople, 14 orthodontists, and 10 maxillofacial surgeons. Each photograph was judged on a modified visual analogue scale (VAS, 0-10; 0 'very unattractive' to 10 'very attractive'). A four-level mixed model was fitted in which the VAS score was the dependent variable; cases, profession, view, and rater were independent variables.RESULTS:Compared with laypersons, orthodontists gave higher VAS scores (+0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.53, 0.84]; P < 0.001), followed by surgeons (+0.21, 95% CI [0.03, 0.38], P = 0.02). Controls were given significantly higher scores than patients with clefts for profile and frontal photographs (+1.97, 95% CI [1.60; 2.35], P < 0.001). No significant difference was found between the scores for the frontal and lateral views (P = 0.46).CONCLUSIONS:All the different rater panels were less satisfied with the facial aesthetics of patients with clefts compared with that of control patients. Further research should evaluate whether these findings correlate with patients' self-perception and to what extent it affects the patients' psychosocial well-being.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:The aim of the study was to identify differences in the aesthetic evaluation of profile and frontal photographs of (1) patients treated for complete left-sided cleft lip and palate and (2) control patients by laypeople and professionals.MATERIALS, SUBJECTS, AND METHODS:Left-side profile and frontal photographs of 20 adult patients treated for complete left-sided cleft lip and palate (10 men, 10 women, mean age: 20.5 years) and of 10 control patients with a class I occlusion (five men, five women, mean age: 22.1 years) were included in the study. The post-treatment photographs were evaluated by 15 adult laypeople, 14 orthodontists, and 10 maxillofacial surgeons. Each photograph was judged on a modified visual analogue scale (VAS, 0-10; 0 'very unattractive' to 10 'very attractive'). A four-level mixed model was fitted in which the VAS score was the dependent variable; cases, profession, view, and rater were independent variables.RESULTS:Compared with laypersons, orthodontists gave higher VAS scores (+0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.53, 0.84]; P < 0.001), followed by surgeons (+0.21, 95% CI [0.03, 0.38], P = 0.02). Controls were given significantly higher scores than patients with clefts for profile and frontal photographs (+1.97, 95% CI [1.60; 2.35], P < 0.001). No significant difference was found between the scores for the frontal and lateral views (P = 0.46).CONCLUSIONS:All the different rater panels were less satisfied with the facial aesthetics of patients with clefts compared with that of control patients. Further research should evaluate whether these findings correlate with patients' self-perception and to what extent it affects the patients' psychosocial well-being.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:19 Sep 2013 12:43
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:59
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0141-5387
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjt047
PubMed ID:23832974

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