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Fourteen-month-olds' imitation of differently aged models


Zmyj, Norbert; Daum, Moritz M; Prinz, Wolfgang; Nielsen, Mark; Aschersleben, Gisa (2012). Fourteen-month-olds' imitation of differently aged models. Infant and Child Development, 21(3):250-266.

Abstract

Studies comparing adult and peer imitation are rare and have to date provided mixed results. The aim of the present study was to investigate 14-month-olds' imitation of different actions (novel versus familiar) performed by televised models of different age groups (peers, older children or adults). In two experiments, we investigated infants' imitative performance when observing a novel action (Experiment 1) and familiar actions (Experiment 2). The results showed that the likelihood of imitating a novel action increased as the age of the model increased. The opposite was true for familiar actions where infants imitated the peer more frequently than either the older child or the adult model. These findings are discussed in relation to infants' ability to take into account a model's characteristics such as age when imitating actions.

Abstract

Studies comparing adult and peer imitation are rare and have to date provided mixed results. The aim of the present study was to investigate 14-month-olds' imitation of different actions (novel versus familiar) performed by televised models of different age groups (peers, older children or adults). In two experiments, we investigated infants' imitative performance when observing a novel action (Experiment 1) and familiar actions (Experiment 2). The results showed that the likelihood of imitating a novel action increased as the age of the model increased. The opposite was true for familiar actions where infants imitated the peer more frequently than either the older child or the adult model. These findings are discussed in relation to infants' ability to take into account a model's characteristics such as age when imitating actions.

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26 citations in Web of Science®
28 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:24 Sep 2013 07:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 16:59
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1522-7219
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.750

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