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Bacillary angiomatosis and bacteremia due to bartonella quintana in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia


Fulchini, Rosamaria; Bloemberg, Guido; Boggian, Katia (2013). Bacillary angiomatosis and bacteremia due to bartonella quintana in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Case Reports in Infectious Diseases, 2013:694765.

Abstract

We present a 63-year-old man treated with alemtuzumab for chronic lymphocytic leukemia who developed multiple angiomatous papules and fever. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from a skin lesion and blood sample revealed Bartonella quintana as causative agent confirming the diagnosis of bacillary angiomatosis with bacteremia. Treatment with doxycycline, initially in combination with gentamicin, led to complete resolution of the lesions. This case shows the importance of considering bacillary angiomatosis as a rare differential diagnosis of angiomatous lesions in the immunocompromised patient, particularly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and following lymphocyte depleting treatments as alemtuzumab.

Abstract

We present a 63-year-old man treated with alemtuzumab for chronic lymphocytic leukemia who developed multiple angiomatous papules and fever. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from a skin lesion and blood sample revealed Bartonella quintana as causative agent confirming the diagnosis of bacillary angiomatosis with bacteremia. Treatment with doxycycline, initially in combination with gentamicin, led to complete resolution of the lesions. This case shows the importance of considering bacillary angiomatosis as a rare differential diagnosis of angiomatous lesions in the immunocompromised patient, particularly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and following lymphocyte depleting treatments as alemtuzumab.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:19 Sep 2013 12:56
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 22:32
Publisher:Hindawi Publishing Corporation
ISSN:2090-6633
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/694765
PubMed ID:23710386

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