Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Agreement between spirometers: a challenge in the follow-up of patients and populations?


Gerbase, M W; Dupuis-Lozeron, E; Schindler, C; Keidel, D; Bridevaux, P O; Kriemler, S; Probst-Hensch, N M; Rochat, T; Künzli, N (2013). Agreement between spirometers: a challenge in the follow-up of patients and populations? Respiration, 85(6):505-514.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term cohort studies and lung function laboratories are confronted with the need for replacement of spirometers. Lack of agreement between spirometers might affect the longitudinal comparison of data, notably when replacing conventional by portable spirometers.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the handheld EasyOne (EO) with the conventional SensorMedics (SM) spirometer, and to analyze the interdevice reproducibility of EO spirometers.
METHODS: In total, 82 volunteers completed spirometry sessions with 1 SM and 2 of 3 EO spirometers following a Latin square design. Analyses of differences in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory flow in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1/FVC and mean forced expiratory flow calculated between 25 and 75% of the FVC between spirometers used a mixed effect model with a random intercept for each subject and the effect of the device as fixed effect adjusted for sex, age, height and order of spirometer tested. Bland-Altman plots show the 95% limits of agreement.
RESULTS: Comparisons between EO and SM showed relatively small mean differences of <3%, but systematically lower values for FVC and FEV1 in all EO devices. The 95% agreement exceeded the limits for FEV1 by 50 ml in 2 EO spirometers. The EO interdevice comparisons showed mean differences and limits of agreement within established thresholds, thus indicating fair accuracy when comparing devices. Repeats with the same spirometer did not result in statistically significant differences.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests fair agreement between the handheld and the conventional spirometer. Differences slightly exceeding limits for FEV1 in 2 EO devices might be considered mostly irrelevant for clinical practice. However, the systematically lower FVC and FEV1 observed with EO may be significant for epidemiological studies, thus justifying inspection before replacing devices.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term cohort studies and lung function laboratories are confronted with the need for replacement of spirometers. Lack of agreement between spirometers might affect the longitudinal comparison of data, notably when replacing conventional by portable spirometers.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the handheld EasyOne (EO) with the conventional SensorMedics (SM) spirometer, and to analyze the interdevice reproducibility of EO spirometers.
METHODS: In total, 82 volunteers completed spirometry sessions with 1 SM and 2 of 3 EO spirometers following a Latin square design. Analyses of differences in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory flow in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1/FVC and mean forced expiratory flow calculated between 25 and 75% of the FVC between spirometers used a mixed effect model with a random intercept for each subject and the effect of the device as fixed effect adjusted for sex, age, height and order of spirometer tested. Bland-Altman plots show the 95% limits of agreement.
RESULTS: Comparisons between EO and SM showed relatively small mean differences of <3%, but systematically lower values for FVC and FEV1 in all EO devices. The 95% agreement exceeded the limits for FEV1 by 50 ml in 2 EO spirometers. The EO interdevice comparisons showed mean differences and limits of agreement within established thresholds, thus indicating fair accuracy when comparing devices. Repeats with the same spirometer did not result in statistically significant differences.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests fair agreement between the handheld and the conventional spirometer. Differences slightly exceeding limits for FEV1 in 2 EO devices might be considered mostly irrelevant for clinical practice. However, the systematically lower FVC and FEV1 observed with EO may be significant for epidemiological studies, thus justifying inspection before replacing devices.

Statistics

Citations

5 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

4 downloads since deposited on 19 Sep 2013
4 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:19 Sep 2013 12:58
Last Modified:09 Jun 2016 06:22
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0025-7931
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000346649
PubMed ID:23485575

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 466kB
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations