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The more the merrier: Recent hybridization and polyploidy in Cardamine


Mandákova, Terezie; Kovarík, Ales; Zozomová-Lihova, Judita; Shimizu-Inatsugi, Rie; Shimizu, Kentaro K; Mummenhoff, Klaus; Marhold, Karol; Lysak, Martin A (2013). The more the merrier: Recent hybridization and polyploidy in Cardamine. Plant Cell, 25(9):3280-3295.

Abstract

This article describes the use of cytogenomic and molecular approaches to explore the origin and evolution of Cardamine schulzii, a textbook example of a recent allopolyploid, in its ;110-year history of human-induced hybridization and allopolyploidy in the Swiss Alps. Triploids are typically viewed as bridges between diploids and tetraploids but rarely as parental genomes of high-level hybrids and polyploids. The genome of the triploid semifertile hybrid Cardamine 3 insueta (2n = 24, RRA) was shown to combine the parental genomes of two diploid (2n = 2x = 16) species, Cardamine amara (AA) and Cardamine rivularis (RR). These parental genomes have remained structurally stable within the triploid genome over the >100 years since its origin. Furthermore, we provide compelling evidence that the alleged recent polyploid C. schulzii is not an autohexaploid derivative of C. 3 insueta. Instead, at least two hybridization events involving C. 3 insueta and the hypotetraploid Cardamine pratensis (PPPP, 2n = 4x22 = 30) have resulted in the origin of the trigenomic hypopentaploid (2n = 5x22 = 38, PPRRA) and hypohexaploid (2n = 6x22 = 46, PPPPRA). These data show that the semifertile triploid hybrid can promote a merger of three different genomes and demonstrate how important it is to reexamine the routinely repeated textbook examples using modern techniques.

Abstract

This article describes the use of cytogenomic and molecular approaches to explore the origin and evolution of Cardamine schulzii, a textbook example of a recent allopolyploid, in its ;110-year history of human-induced hybridization and allopolyploidy in the Swiss Alps. Triploids are typically viewed as bridges between diploids and tetraploids but rarely as parental genomes of high-level hybrids and polyploids. The genome of the triploid semifertile hybrid Cardamine 3 insueta (2n = 24, RRA) was shown to combine the parental genomes of two diploid (2n = 2x = 16) species, Cardamine amara (AA) and Cardamine rivularis (RR). These parental genomes have remained structurally stable within the triploid genome over the >100 years since its origin. Furthermore, we provide compelling evidence that the alleged recent polyploid C. schulzii is not an autohexaploid derivative of C. 3 insueta. Instead, at least two hybridization events involving C. 3 insueta and the hypotetraploid Cardamine pratensis (PPPP, 2n = 4x22 = 30) have resulted in the origin of the trigenomic hypopentaploid (2n = 5x22 = 38, PPRRA) and hypohexaploid (2n = 6x22 = 46, PPPPRA). These data show that the semifertile triploid hybrid can promote a merger of three different genomes and demonstrate how important it is to reexamine the routinely repeated textbook examples using modern techniques.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
08 University Research Priority Programs > Evolution in Action: From Genomes to Ecosystems
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Date:2013
Deposited On:02 Oct 2013 10:33
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 22:42
Publisher:American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN:1040-4651
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.113.114405
Related URLs:http://www.plantcell.org/cgi/content/short/tpc.113.114405?keytype=ref&ijkey=UzBCmsp4oxeBgtt

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