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New incretin hormonal therapies in humans relevant to diabetic cats


Reusch, C E; Padrutt, I (2013). New incretin hormonal therapies in humans relevant to diabetic cats. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 43(2):417-433.

Abstract

Incretins (gastric inhibitory polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide 1 [GLP-1]) are hormones released from the gastrointestinal tract during food intake that potentiate insulin secretion. Native GLP-1 is quickly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4), which has led to the development of GLP-1 agonists with resistance to degradation and to inhibitors of DPP-4 activity as therapeutic agents in humans with type 2 diabetes. In healthy cats, GLP-1 agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors have produced a substantial increase in insulin secretion. Although results of clinical studies are not yet available, incretin-based therapy promises to become an important new research area in feline diabetes.

Abstract

Incretins (gastric inhibitory polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide 1 [GLP-1]) are hormones released from the gastrointestinal tract during food intake that potentiate insulin secretion. Native GLP-1 is quickly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4), which has led to the development of GLP-1 agonists with resistance to degradation and to inhibitors of DPP-4 activity as therapeutic agents in humans with type 2 diabetes. In healthy cats, GLP-1 agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors have produced a substantial increase in insulin secretion. Although results of clinical studies are not yet available, incretin-based therapy promises to become an important new research area in feline diabetes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Date:2013
Deposited On:10 Oct 2013 08:22
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 22:42
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0195-5616
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2012.11.003
PubMed ID:23522180

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