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Diverging role for coronin 1 in antiviral CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses


Tchang, Vincent Sam Yong; Mekker, Andrea; Siegmund, Kerstin; Karrer, Urs; Pieters, Jean (2013). Diverging role for coronin 1 in antiviral CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses. Molecular Immunology, 56(4):683-692.

Abstract

Coronin 1 is a member of the evolutionary conserved WD repeat protein family and is highly expressed in hematopoietic cells. Coronin 1 is essential for Ca(2+) mobilization upon T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation providing a pro-survival signal for naïve peripheral T cells. Both in mouse and in human, coronin 1 deficiency is associated with severe T cell lymphopenia. In this work, we have analyzed antiviral T cell-mediated immunity in the presence and absence of coronin 1 in vivo after infection with lymphocytic choriomenigitis virus (LCMV) and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in mice. Despite low peripheral T cell numbers we found that LCMV-specific CD8(+) T cell responses were normal in the absence of coronin 1 and kinetics of LCMV-clearance were similar compared to wild type mice. In contrast, CD4(+) T cell responses were profoundly decreased after LCMV- and VSV-infection. We propose that coronin 1 plays a differential role in CD8(+) versus CD4(+) T cell responses and activation.

Abstract

Coronin 1 is a member of the evolutionary conserved WD repeat protein family and is highly expressed in hematopoietic cells. Coronin 1 is essential for Ca(2+) mobilization upon T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation providing a pro-survival signal for naïve peripheral T cells. Both in mouse and in human, coronin 1 deficiency is associated with severe T cell lymphopenia. In this work, we have analyzed antiviral T cell-mediated immunity in the presence and absence of coronin 1 in vivo after infection with lymphocytic choriomenigitis virus (LCMV) and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in mice. Despite low peripheral T cell numbers we found that LCMV-specific CD8(+) T cell responses were normal in the absence of coronin 1 and kinetics of LCMV-clearance were similar compared to wild type mice. In contrast, CD4(+) T cell responses were profoundly decreased after LCMV- and VSV-infection. We propose that coronin 1 plays a differential role in CD8(+) versus CD4(+) T cell responses and activation.

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7 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:15 Oct 2013 12:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:01
Publisher:Pergamon
ISSN:0161-5890
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2013.05.003
PubMed ID:23933558

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