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Synthesis and Use of 2H-Azirin-3-amines as Dipeptide Synthons


Breitenmoser, Roland A; Heimgartner, Heinz (2002). Synthesis and Use of 2H-Azirin-3-amines as Dipeptide Synthons. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 85:885-912.

Abstract

The synthesis of the new 2H-azirin-3-amines ('3-amino-2H-azirines') 11, 20, 28, and 33 as dipeptide synthons is described. The reactions of the starting amides with Lawesson reagent gave the corresponding thioamides, and consecutive treatment with COCl2, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), and NaN3 led to the desired products. It is shown that these 2H-azirin-3-amines can conveniently be used as building blocks of the dipeptides Aib-(Me)Axx (Axx = alanine, valine), Aib-Homoproline, and Iva-Pro in the synthesis of several model peptides. However, some limitations apply for the synthesis of such 2H-azirin-3-amines. The starting material for the azirine synthesis, the corresponding thioamides, cannot generally be synthesized, and the 2H-azirin-3-amines could not be obtained in all cases from the thioamides prepared.

Abstract

The synthesis of the new 2H-azirin-3-amines ('3-amino-2H-azirines') 11, 20, 28, and 33 as dipeptide synthons is described. The reactions of the starting amides with Lawesson reagent gave the corresponding thioamides, and consecutive treatment with COCl2, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), and NaN3 led to the desired products. It is shown that these 2H-azirin-3-amines can conveniently be used as building blocks of the dipeptides Aib-(Me)Axx (Axx = alanine, valine), Aib-Homoproline, and Iva-Pro in the synthesis of several model peptides. However, some limitations apply for the synthesis of such 2H-azirin-3-amines. The starting material for the azirine synthesis, the corresponding thioamides, cannot generally be synthesized, and the 2H-azirin-3-amines could not be obtained in all cases from the thioamides prepared.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:09 Oct 2013 14:31
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:01
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation, F. Hoffmann-La roche AG, Basel, Stiftung für wissenschaftliche Forschung an der Universität Zürich
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2675(200203)85:3<885::AID-HLCA885>3.0.CO;2-Z

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