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TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism modulates cytokine serum concentrations and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients on aspirin


Krayenbuehl, P A; Wiesli, P; Schmid, M; Schmid, C; Ehses, J A; Hersberger, M; Vetter, W; Schulthess, G (2007). TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism modulates cytokine serum concentrations and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients on aspirin. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 115(5):322-326.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has pleiotropic effects in cytokine-mediated inflammation underlying atherogenesis. Activation of this inflammatory process is assumed to be different in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. Previous studies in non-diabetic subjects showed no association between TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism and coronary artery disease.
METHODS: Vascular complications and cytokine serum concentrations were assessed as a function of the TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism in 76 diabetic patients on low-dose aspirin.
RESULTS: Of 76 adult diabetic patients, 18 (24%) carried the TNF-alpha -308A allele (17 AG, 1 AA) and 58 (76%) carried wild-type alleles (GG). Prevalence of macrovascular complications was 33% in TNF-alpha -308A allele carriers (AG+AA) and 78% in wild-type allele carriers (GG) (p<0.001). In contrast, prevalence of microvascular complications was 78% and 84%, respectively, and did not significantly differ between the study groups. TNF-alpha -308A allele carriers (AG+AA) compared to wild-type allele carriers (GG) had significantly lower median serum concentrations of hs-C-reactive protein (1.5 vs 2.9 mg/L, p=0.030), interleukin 1-beta (0.9 vs 1.2 ng/L, p=0.046), and interleukin-6 (3.6 vs 4.9 ng/L, p=0.023). In multiple regression analysis, the prevalence of macrovascular diabetic complications was significantly associated with TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism (p<0.001) and serum concentrations of HDL-cholesterol (p=0.007) while confounding effects of further variables were excluded.
CONCLUSION: TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism modulates cytokine serum concentrations and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients on aspirin. Diabetic carriers of the TNF-alpha -308A allele might benefit more from a prophylaxis with low dose aspirin than non-carriers.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has pleiotropic effects in cytokine-mediated inflammation underlying atherogenesis. Activation of this inflammatory process is assumed to be different in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. Previous studies in non-diabetic subjects showed no association between TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism and coronary artery disease.
METHODS: Vascular complications and cytokine serum concentrations were assessed as a function of the TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism in 76 diabetic patients on low-dose aspirin.
RESULTS: Of 76 adult diabetic patients, 18 (24%) carried the TNF-alpha -308A allele (17 AG, 1 AA) and 58 (76%) carried wild-type alleles (GG). Prevalence of macrovascular complications was 33% in TNF-alpha -308A allele carriers (AG+AA) and 78% in wild-type allele carriers (GG) (p<0.001). In contrast, prevalence of microvascular complications was 78% and 84%, respectively, and did not significantly differ between the study groups. TNF-alpha -308A allele carriers (AG+AA) compared to wild-type allele carriers (GG) had significantly lower median serum concentrations of hs-C-reactive protein (1.5 vs 2.9 mg/L, p=0.030), interleukin 1-beta (0.9 vs 1.2 ng/L, p=0.046), and interleukin-6 (3.6 vs 4.9 ng/L, p=0.023). In multiple regression analysis, the prevalence of macrovascular diabetic complications was significantly associated with TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism (p<0.001) and serum concentrations of HDL-cholesterol (p=0.007) while confounding effects of further variables were excluded.
CONCLUSION: TNF-alpha -308G>A polymorphism modulates cytokine serum concentrations and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients on aspirin. Diabetic carriers of the TNF-alpha -308A allele might benefit more from a prophylaxis with low dose aspirin than non-carriers.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:19 Nov 2013 16:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:02
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0947-7349
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-960493
PubMed ID:17516296

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