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Synthesis of 3-Benzyl-1,3-thiazolidines by [2+3]-Cycloaddition of sonochemically generated Azomethine Ylides with Thiocarbonyl Compounds


Gebert, Andreas; Linden, Anthony; Mloston, Grzegorz; Heimgartner, Heinz (2003). Synthesis of 3-Benzyl-1,3-thiazolidines by [2+3]-Cycloaddition of sonochemically generated Azomethine Ylides with Thiocarbonyl Compounds. Polish Journal of Chemistry, 77:867-879.

Abstract

Sonification of N-benzyl-N-(methoxymethyl)-N-[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]amine (5a) in the presence of LiF led to the formation of the reactive azomethine ylide 1d, which was intercepted by cyclic thioketones to give spirocyclic 1,3-thiazolidines. In the case of 2,2,4,4-tetramethylcyclobutane-1,3-dithione, the 1:1- and 1:2-cycloadduct, respectively, was formed as the major product depending on the ratio of the starting materials. With 1,3-thiazole-5(4H)-thiones, 1d undergoes stereoselective [2+3]-cycloadditions with the C=S group to yield spirocyclic 1:1-adducts. In the case of the 1,3-dipole generated from N-benzyl-N-(methoxymethyl)-N-[1-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl]amine (5b), the [2+3]-cycloaddition proceeded in a non-regioselective manner leading to a mixture of regio- and diastereoisomers.

Abstract

Sonification of N-benzyl-N-(methoxymethyl)-N-[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]amine (5a) in the presence of LiF led to the formation of the reactive azomethine ylide 1d, which was intercepted by cyclic thioketones to give spirocyclic 1,3-thiazolidines. In the case of 2,2,4,4-tetramethylcyclobutane-1,3-dithione, the 1:1- and 1:2-cycloadduct, respectively, was formed as the major product depending on the ratio of the starting materials. With 1,3-thiazole-5(4H)-thiones, 1d undergoes stereoselective [2+3]-cycloadditions with the C=S group to yield spirocyclic 1:1-adducts. In the case of the 1,3-dipole generated from N-benzyl-N-(methoxymethyl)-N-[1-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl]amine (5b), the [2+3]-cycloaddition proceeded in a non-regioselective manner leading to a mixture of regio- and diastereoisomers.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Oct 2013 13:53
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 22:50
Publisher:Polskie Towarzystwo Chemiczne
ISSN:0137-5083
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel

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