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Prognostic value of stress-gated 99m-technetium SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging: Risk stratification of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and prior coronary revascularization


Schepis, Tiziano; Benz, Karin; Haldemann, Andreas; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Schmidhauser, Christian; Frielingsdorf, Jürgen (2013). Prognostic value of stress-gated 99m-technetium SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging: Risk stratification of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and prior coronary revascularization. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, 20(5):755-762.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prognostic value of stress-gated 99mTc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and prior revascularization according to the presence and severity of ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the outcome of 472 patients with multivessel CAD and prior revascularization (coronary angioplasty, 290 patients; bypass surgery, 182 patients), who underwent exercise or dipyridamole 99mTc-sestamibi MPS for evaluation of ischemia. Visual scoring of perfusion images used 20 segments and a 5-point scale. Gated post-stress EF was automatically calculated. Endpoints included hard events: cardiac death (CD) and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI). During a mean follow-up of 3.0 ± 1.0 years, 37 hard events occurred, including CD in 15 (3%) and MI in 22 (5%) patients. In a risk-adjusted multivariable Cox model, a history of prior MI, diabetes, abnormal MPS, moderate-to-severe ischemia, and post-stress EF <35% were important predictors of cardiac events. Four-year risk-adjusted survival was 97.9% for normal MPS, 87.3% for abnormal MPS with ischemia, and 82.1% for moderate-to-severe ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with previous coronary revascularization, stress-gated 99mTc-sestamibi MPS provides prognostic information for the prediction of cardiac events. A normal perfusion scan confers an excellent prognosis and an exceedingly low hard event rate (<1%/year). The presence of moderate-to-severe ischemia or a post-stress EF <35% identifies patients at highest risk of subsequent cardiac events.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prognostic value of stress-gated 99mTc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and prior revascularization according to the presence and severity of ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the outcome of 472 patients with multivessel CAD and prior revascularization (coronary angioplasty, 290 patients; bypass surgery, 182 patients), who underwent exercise or dipyridamole 99mTc-sestamibi MPS for evaluation of ischemia. Visual scoring of perfusion images used 20 segments and a 5-point scale. Gated post-stress EF was automatically calculated. Endpoints included hard events: cardiac death (CD) and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI). During a mean follow-up of 3.0 ± 1.0 years, 37 hard events occurred, including CD in 15 (3%) and MI in 22 (5%) patients. In a risk-adjusted multivariable Cox model, a history of prior MI, diabetes, abnormal MPS, moderate-to-severe ischemia, and post-stress EF <35% were important predictors of cardiac events. Four-year risk-adjusted survival was 97.9% for normal MPS, 87.3% for abnormal MPS with ischemia, and 82.1% for moderate-to-severe ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with previous coronary revascularization, stress-gated 99mTc-sestamibi MPS provides prognostic information for the prediction of cardiac events. A normal perfusion scan confers an excellent prognosis and an exceedingly low hard event rate (<1%/year). The presence of moderate-to-severe ischemia or a post-stress EF <35% identifies patients at highest risk of subsequent cardiac events.

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4 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:17 Oct 2013 10:34
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 22:57
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1071-3581
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12350-013-9749-4
PubMed ID:23839243

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