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Differential discrimination of DNA polymerase for variants of the non-standard nucleobase pair between xanthosine and 2,4-diaminopyrimidine, two components of an expanded genetic alphabet.


Lutz, M J; Held, H A; Hottiger, M O; Hübscher, U; Benner, S A (1996). Differential discrimination of DNA polymerase for variants of the non-standard nucleobase pair between xanthosine and 2,4-diaminopyrimidine, two components of an expanded genetic alphabet. Nucleic Acids Research, 24(7):1308-1313.

Abstract

Mammalian DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon, the Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) were examined for their ability to incorporate components of an expanded genetic alphabet in different forms. Experiments were performed with templates containing 2'-deoxyxanthosine (dX) or 2'-deoxy-7-deazaxanthosine (c7dX), both able to adopt a hydrogen bonding acceptor-donor-acceptor pattern on a purine nucleus (puADA). Thus these heterocycles are able to form a non-standard nucleobase pair with 2,4-diaminopyrimidine (pyDAD) that fits the Watson-Crick geometry, but is joined by a non-standard hydrogen bonding pattern. HIV-1 RT incorporated d(pyDAD)TP opposite dX with a high efficiency that was largely independent of pH. Specific incorporation opposite c7dX was significantly lower and also independent of pH. Mammalian DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon from calf thymus and the Klenow fragment from E. coli DNA polymerase I failed to incorporate d(pyDAD)TP opposite c7dX.

Abstract

Mammalian DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon, the Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) were examined for their ability to incorporate components of an expanded genetic alphabet in different forms. Experiments were performed with templates containing 2'-deoxyxanthosine (dX) or 2'-deoxy-7-deazaxanthosine (c7dX), both able to adopt a hydrogen bonding acceptor-donor-acceptor pattern on a purine nucleus (puADA). Thus these heterocycles are able to form a non-standard nucleobase pair with 2,4-diaminopyrimidine (pyDAD) that fits the Watson-Crick geometry, but is joined by a non-standard hydrogen bonding pattern. HIV-1 RT incorporated d(pyDAD)TP opposite dX with a high efficiency that was largely independent of pH. Specific incorporation opposite c7dX was significantly lower and also independent of pH. Mammalian DNA polymerases alpha and epsilon from calf thymus and the Klenow fragment from E. coli DNA polymerase I failed to incorporate d(pyDAD)TP opposite c7dX.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 April 1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:03 Aug 2017 14:45
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/24.7.1308
PubMed ID:8614635

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