The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the new features of the Nucleus Research Platform 8 (RP8), a system developed specifically for research purposes The RP8 consists of a research implant, a speech processor and a new NRT software (NRT v4), and includes comparisons of the different artefact-cancellation methods, NRT threshold, and recovery function measurements. The system has new artefact-suppression techniques and new diagnostic capabilities; their performance has been verified in animal experiments. In this study, NRT data were collected from 15 postlingually deafened adult cochlear implant patients intraoperatively and up to 6 months postoperatively after switch-on. The initial investigation in two clinics in Europe focused primarily on the enhanced NRT capabilities Results from the trial in two European clinics indicate that NRT measurements can be obtained with lower noise levels. A comparison of the different artefact-cancellation techniques showed that the forward-masking paradigm implemented in the Nucleus 3 system is still the method of choice. The focus of this report is on recovery function characteristics, which may give insight into auditory nerve fiber properties with regard to higher stimulation rates.