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Differenzielle Wirksamkeit eines Short Message Service (SMS)-basierten Programms zur Förderung des Rauchstopps bei Jugendlichen


Haug, Severin; Schaub, Michael P; Venzin, V; Meyer, C; John, U (2013). Differenzielle Wirksamkeit eines Short Message Service (SMS)-basierten Programms zur Förderung des Rauchstopps bei Jugendlichen. Psychiatrische Praxis, 40(6):339-346.

Abstract

Background: The results of a cluster randomised trial testing the efficacy of a text messaging (SMS)-based program for smoking cessation in vocational school students showed no short-term effects on smoking cessation; however the program resulted in lower cigarette consumption. Furthermore, occasional smokers of the intervention group made more attempts to quit smoking than occasional smokers in the control group.
Methods: Moderator analyses were conducted to test whether program efficacy differed according to demographic, health- and smoking-related baseline variables of the participants.
Results: In daily smokers, reduction of cigarette consumption was not moderated by any of the examined baseline variables. In occasional smokers, age moderated the reduction of cigarette consumption, with a higher reduction in older students. In the subgroup of daily smokers, the intervention more often resulted in progress on the stages of health behaviour change in male smokers and in smokers with at risk drinking. Furthermore, the intervention resulted in more serious quit attempts in daily smokers aged 18 years or older.
Conclusion: The results provide information on subgroups, which particularly benefit from participation in the SMS-program.

Abstract

Background: The results of a cluster randomised trial testing the efficacy of a text messaging (SMS)-based program for smoking cessation in vocational school students showed no short-term effects on smoking cessation; however the program resulted in lower cigarette consumption. Furthermore, occasional smokers of the intervention group made more attempts to quit smoking than occasional smokers in the control group.
Methods: Moderator analyses were conducted to test whether program efficacy differed according to demographic, health- and smoking-related baseline variables of the participants.
Results: In daily smokers, reduction of cigarette consumption was not moderated by any of the examined baseline variables. In occasional smokers, age moderated the reduction of cigarette consumption, with a higher reduction in older students. In the subgroup of daily smokers, the intervention more often resulted in progress on the stages of health behaviour change in male smokers and in smokers with at risk drinking. Furthermore, the intervention resulted in more serious quit attempts in daily smokers aged 18 years or older.
Conclusion: The results provide information on subgroups, which particularly benefit from participation in the SMS-program.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:2013
Deposited On:03 Nov 2013 13:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:05
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0303-4259
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1349449

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